Mendele mocher sforim


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Mendele mocher sforim

[Yid.,= Mendele the book peddler] (mĕn`dələ môkh`ər sfô`rĭm), pseud. of

Sholem Yakov Abramovich

(shō`ləm yä`kôv əbrämə`vĭch), 1836–1917, Yiddish novelist. Born in Minsk, and orphaned at 14, he traveled with beggars through Ukraine. His early writings were in Hebrew, but his later novels and short stories were written in Yiddish. He perfected a Yiddish prose style that greatly influenced later writers. Mendele translated many of his later works into Hebrew. Among his best-known writings, dealing with Jewish life in Russia, are Di kliatche [the mare] (1873) and The Travels of Benjamin the Third (1878). Strongly influenced by the secularizing trends of the Hebrew Enlightenment, or Haskalah, he attempted to influence the people to free themselves from the physical and intellectual restraints of the ghetto. He is considered the grandfather of modern Yiddish literature and the father of modern Hebrew literature.

Bibliography

See studies by D. Miron (1973) and T. L. Steinberg (1977).

References in periodicals archive ?
Three chairs stood together near the stage, their backs each sewn in the images of the greats of Yiddish literature: the gray-bearded Mendele Mocher Sforim, the redhead Sholom Aleichem, and I.
Unfortunately, no one remembered any Yiddish writer or actor, such as Isaac Leib Peretz, Mendele Mocher Sforim, Solomon Mikhoels or Peretz Markish.
By the end of the 19th century, accomplished Yiddish writers such as Solomon Jacob Abramowitscz (who wrote under the name Mendele Mocher Sforim, "Mendele the Bookseller"), the first modern Yiddish novelist, were demonstrating the powers of Yiddish as a literary language of a well-developed cultural sphere.