Mendelian genetics


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Mendelian genetics

[men′dēl·yən jə′ned·iks]
(genetics)
Scientific study of the role of the nuclear genome in heredity, as opposed to cytoplasmic inheritance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Today, science limits Mendelian genetics to the explanation of simple dominant-recessive schemes, acknowledging that genetic variation within a group may exceed variation between groups.
Nazi intellectuals interpreted Mendelian genetics as validation of Nazism's concepts of racial purity.
Other topics include orthology and functional conservation in eukaryotes, mammalian meiotic recombination hot spots, epigenetic control of centromere behavior, Mendelian genetics of apomixis in plants, and immunoglobulin somatic hypermutatoin.
And as Ruse shows us (Chapter 1), although only few were originally convinced that natural selection can be the cause of evolution, the 20th century integration of Darwinian selectionism and Mendelian genetics definitively confirmed that Darwin started the major revolution in our thinking about the nature of evolutionary process.
In 1911, barely 10 years after the principles of what we now term Mendelian genetics became generally recognized, Wilhelm Johannsen, a Danish botanist, introduced the term "gene".
Indeed, Mendelian genetics as a science may be said to date from the dawn of the twentieth century, nearly two decades after Mendel's death in 1884.
The author focuses on two pivotal events in this conflict: the 1939 discussions which gave the Lysenkoists only a partial victory over the geneticists, and the infamous 1948 meeting of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VASKhNiL) which outlawed Mendelian genetics and supported Lysenko's ideas of "Michurinist Biology.
Explaining scientific consensus: The case of mendelian genetics (pp.
Telling in this regard is The Bell Curve's misunderstanding of Mendelian genetics.
Using not only scientific but also political and ideological arguments, Lysenko achieved an official ban on Soviet Mendelian genetics.