Menderes, Adnan

Menderes, Adnan

(ädnän`mĕndĕrĕs`), 1899–1961, Turkish prime minister (1950–60). In Jan., 1946, he formed the Democratic party, the first legal opposition party in Turkey. When the party came to power (1950), Menderes became prime minister, and in 1955 he also assumed the duties of foreign minister. In May, 1960, an army coup under General Cemal GürselGürsel, Cemal
, 1895–1966, Turkish army officer and political leader. He fought in World War I and in most of the military campaigns during the war of independence (1920–23). Gürsel remained in the army and in 1958 became commander of Turkish ground forces.
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 toppled the government, and Menderes was arrested, charged with violating the constitution, and executed.

Menderes, Adnan

 

Born in 1899 in Aydin; died Sept. 17, 1961, on Yassiada Island. Turkish statesman. Large landowner; lawyer by training.

Menderes was the leader of the Democratic Party, a bourgeois-landlord party founded in 1946. As premier from 1950 to 1960, he pursued a reactionary domestic policy and a proimperialist foreign policy. In these years Turkey joined aggressive military blocs (NATO, CENTO) and concluded several unequal bilateral agreements with the USA. On May 27, 1960, the Menderes government was overthrown in a coup and Menderes was put on trial and hanged.

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