Mengistu Haile Mariam

(redirected from Mengistu)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

(mĕnggīs`to͞o hī`lē mär`ēəm), 1937–, military ruler of Ethiopia (1974–91). Mengistu, an army officer, participated prominently in Emperor Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
, [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik II.
..... Click the link for more information.
's overthrow (1974). Emerging through violence as preeminent military ruler by 1977, he sought Soviet aid, established a socialist People's Republic and fought off Somali incursions and Eritrean rebels. He was elected president in 1987. Regional rebellions increased while Soviet aid receded amid economic deterioration. Mengistu abandoned socialism, but unable to mobilize military resistance, he was forced to flee to Zimbabwe in 1991. He was tried (1994–2006) in absentia for genocide by an Ethiopian court, convicted, and sentenced (2007) to life in prison, but in 2008 Ethiopia's supreme court overruled the lower court and imposed the death sentence.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

born 1937, Ethiopian soldier and statesman; head of state from 1977 until 1991 when rebels seized power and he fled into exile
References in periodicals archive ?
The Ethiopian cultural day, 9 December, is celebrated annually to commemorate the ratification of the country's constitution by parliament after the fall of the Ethiopian former dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, 24 years ago.
The winner of the women's race, Asnakech Mengistu Egigayehu, clocked in at 2 hours, 33 minutes and 51 seconds.
SAFE AT LAST Mengistu, in Glasgow last week, is happy in Scotland but misses his family Picture Victoria Stewart
Ethiopian activists have since agreed to a request by the family of Avera Mengistu not to protest against the government's handling of his disappearance in Gaza some 10 months ago.
Israeli authorities claimed that Avraham Mengistu, an Ethiopian Israeli, along with another one are being held in the enclave.
According to Spotinic's report, Blair's focus is firstly on understanding the fate of Ephrahem Mengistu and the second detainee, a Bedouin man.
Al-Ayyam highlighted the issue of Israeli soldier of Jewish Ethiopian descent, Avraham Mengistu, who has reportedly gone missing and allegedly detained by Hamas in Gaza.
1991: Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
Consul General Jian Liu of the Chinese Consulate General of the People s Republic of China; Los Angeles City Councilmember Mike Bonin and Los Angeles World Airports Deputy Executive Director Samson Mengistu have expressed their delight over the Chinese airline s move to add new frequency on the LAX-Beijing route from second day of this May.
Mengistu Hailemariam, and decided to exploit the opportunity by assaulting the Ogaden region in the undying "greater Somalia" quest.
In the Horn of Africa, the pro-Moscow Mengistu Haile Mariam seized power as Carter started his presidency.
The 71-year-old Matthias, who fled Ethiopia after a military coup by Hailemariam Mengistu in 1974, has travelled throughout the Middle East, Europe and North America in exile for decades.