Mengistu Haile Mariam


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

(mĕnggīs`to͞o hī`lē mär`ēəm), 1937–, military ruler of Ethiopia (1974–91). Mengistu, an army officer, participated prominently in Emperor Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
, [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik II.
..... Click the link for more information.
's overthrow (1974). Emerging through violence as preeminent military ruler by 1977, he sought Soviet aid, established a socialist People's Republic and fought off Somali incursions and Eritrean rebels. He was elected president in 1987. Regional rebellions increased while Soviet aid receded amid economic deterioration. Mengistu abandoned socialism, but unable to mobilize military resistance, he was forced to flee to Zimbabwe in 1991. He was tried (1994–2006) in absentia for genocide by an Ethiopian court, convicted, and sentenced (2007) to life in prison, but in 2008 Ethiopia's supreme court overruled the lower court and imposed the death sentence.

Mengistu Haile Mariam

born 1937, Ethiopian soldier and statesman; head of state from 1977 until 1991 when rebels seized power and he fled into exile
References in periodicals archive ?
1991: Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
In the Horn of Africa, the pro-Moscow Mengistu Haile Mariam seized power as Carter started his presidency.
Fente is a high-ranking member of the ruling party, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a four party coalition which has ruled the country since the fall of Mengistu Haile Mariam 23 years ago and was headed by Meles Zenawi until his death in August last year.
Ethiopia has undergone a remarkable transformation under his strongman rule since 1991, when his Tigrayan minority group from the country's north came to power with the overthrow of the odious Communist Derg led by Mengistu Haile Mariam (who is still enjoying a comfortable retirement in Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe).
Meles, who quit medical school to join the guerrilla force that toppled the dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991, put Ethiopia on the front lines of the war on terrorism, dispatching troops to Somalia against the radical Islamic Courts movement linked to al-Qaida.
Former Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie was buried in 2000 at Addis Ababa s Trinity Church, 25 years after being killed during the dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam and his remains stashed in a palace toilet.
Zenawi was a rebel leader who came to power in 1991 after helping to overthrow the dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam.
Parvenu au pouvoir en 1991 apres la chute de la junte militaire de Mengistu Haile Mariam, Meles Zenawi a, lors de son mandat presidentiel (1991-1995) puis en tant que Premier ministre, fait de l'Ethiopie un acteur incontournable dans la lutte contre le terrorisme dans la Corne de l'Afrique.
The position of President is largely honorific and Meles, a former rebel fighter who came to power in 1991 after toppling the bloody dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam, held the real political power.
Zenawi took power as the leader of rebels that ousted communist leader Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991.
He was overthrown in 1974 after a communist revolution led by Mengistu Haile Mariam, who exiled Haile Seliasie to his palace prior to his mysterious demise.
As for Haile Selassie, who had ruled as emperor since 1930, his thirty-four-year imperial reign came to an end in 1974, when a Soviet-backed military coup, led by Mengistu Haile Mariam, ousted him and established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.