Menominee


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Menominee

(mənŏm`ənē), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Also called the Menomini, they were a sedentary people who chiefly subsisted on the gathering of wild rice; the Algonquian name for wild rice is manomin. In c.1634, when they were visited by the missionary Jean Nicolet, the Menominee were living at the mouth of the Menominee River in Wisconsin and Michigan. From 1671 until 1854 they inhabited settlements that extended from the Menominee River S to the Fox River and bordered the western shore of Green Bay. Although some of the Menominee supported the British in the American Revolution and the War of 1812, they were generally peaceful toward the American settlers. The Menominee were, however, bitter enemies of the neighboring Algonquian tribes, who waged constant warfare to drive the Menominee out of the rich wild-rice area. In 1854 the Menominee were settled on a reservation (Menominee Reservation) on the Wolf River, in N central Wisconsin. The tribe owns one of the largest sawmills in the Midwest and operates a casino. In 1990 there were some 8,000 Menominee in the United States.

Bibliography

See F. Keesing, The Menomini Indians of Wisconsin (1939, repr. 1971); L. Spindler, Menomini Women and Culture Change (1962).


Menominee

(mənŏm`ənē), city (1990 pop. 9,398), seat of Menominee co., N Mich., W Upper Peninsula, on Green Bay at the mouth of the Menominee River; inc. 1883. It is a distribution center for upper Michigan and N Wisconsin. Metal, paper, and wood products and machinery are manufactured. Of interest is the "mystery ship," raised (1969) from the bottom of Green Bay, where it sank in 1864. A bridge connects Menominee with Marinette, Wis.

Menominee,

river, 118 mi (190 km) long, formed by the union of the Brule and the Michigamme rivers above Iron Mountain, W Upper Peninsula, N Mich., and flowing SE into Green Bay at Menominee. It passes through a once plentiful iron-ore region and forms part of the Wisconsin-Michigan line.

Menominee

 

(Menomini), an Algonquian-speaking Indian tribe in North America, numbering approximately 4,000 persons (1970, estimate).

Before the colonization of America, the Menominee lived in the Great Lakes region and engaged in fishing, hunting, and wild-rice gathering. In the second half of the 17th century, the Menominee, who had been drawn into the fur trade, abandoned their settled way of life and became wandering fur trappers. The commercial fur trade caused the disintegration of the Menominee maternal clan structure. In 1854, the Menominee were settled on a reservation within their former tribal territory (Wisconsin, USA).

The Menominee work as hired laborers, farmers, and wild-rice gatherers. By 1961, the Menominee had been deprived of most of their lands as a result of government acts; many of them were forced to move to cities in search of work. The Menominee are Catholics.

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to investment benefits, Aquila anticipates that the development, construction and operation of Back Forty will result in the creation of temporary and permanent jobs as well as economic spinoffs for Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Menominee County.
Gary Besaw, Menominee chairman, said they want to make sure minors do not have access to it, gangs do not become involved, and that it does not go outside the reservation to places where it is illegal.
For more than 150 years, the Menominee have pioneered forestry practices that have preserved an ecosystem with numerous species and varied habitats.
The species was collected throughout the Menominee, Little Menominee, Sinsinawa, and Plum river basins and in two sites in the Galena River basin (Fig.
The program--part of Grignon's larger nonprofit, Citizens for a Sustainable Future--is boosting environmental education on the Menominee Reservation and gives students a chance to graduate from high school with a certificate in environmental stewardship.
He has discovered that his grandmothers were Anishnaabe, Chippewa, Menominee and Innu and is proud to call himself Metis.
Descended from Anishinaabe, Cree, Innu or Montagnais, Algonquin, Ojibwe, Menominee, Chippewa, (mothers and grandmothers) and European grandfathers, the Metis of Canada are the only mixed -blood peoples to be recognized as being a nation.
Diana Morris, dean of instruction at the College of the Menominee Nation, located in Keshena, Wis.
Born in Menominee, Wisconsin, he was graduated from the Colorado School of Mines in 1950, and earned a master's degree in geophysics from St.
Postspawn walleyes from the Menominee River on the Michigan/Wisconsin border, and Great Lakes rogues making their way back from the inner Bays de Noc, are found just offshore along the western Lake Michigan shoreline.
The victims were near a bridge on the Menominee River when the gunman shot them on Thursday.
No strangers to lumber markets, the Menominee have been sustainably harvesting and selling timber from their richly forested land since 1850 The Menominee operate their business according to Indigenous economic principles that take only the trees that nature can afford to give.