(redirected from Menstrual cramps)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms.


Difficult or painful menstruation.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pain from menstrual cramps is caused by contractions of your uterus triggered by prostaglandins, hormone-like substances found in many types of tissue.
The women in this study all suffered with monthly menstrual cramps and were separated into three groups.
Menastil is an all-natural essential-oil formula, which provides effective, temporary relief from menstrual cramps.
Common uses for ibuprofen include relief from menstrual cramps and arthritis.
These nutrients have a beneficial effect on reducing menstrual cramps and helping to balance female hormones.
Many adolescent girls who complain of severe menstrual cramps can be helped with simple over-the-counter medications, once they're directed to take the most effective pain relievers at adequate dosages, Dr.
Furthermore, ThermaCare can be used to treat menstrual cramps by young girls in school.
The organization's researchers discuss menstrual cramps, arthritis, urinary tract infections and fertility, with some surprising dietary ideas.
A hysterectomy may have to be performed on some girls who have uterine remnants which may cause pain that mimic menstrual cramps.
It's the best medication for menstrual cramps," says Ob/Gyn Dr.
Those who have experienced menstrual cramps can recognize the early labor sensation of the cervix beginning to open as a familiar one, not a scary one.
The new link "contributes to mounting evidence that passive smoking is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes" and is consistent with studies finding that smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to suffer from menstrual cramps, Chen notes.