(redirected from Menstrual cramps)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms.


Difficult or painful menstruation.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
The survey revealed three in four women (71 percent) agreed Advil is a trusted product for the relief of pain associated with menstrual cramps.
I was scared and embarrassed, but told her my history She immediately recognized the symptoms as signs of endometriosis: extremely painful (or disabling) menstrual cramps that worsen over time, heavy periods, chronic pelvic pain, and lower back and intestinal pain.
Keywords: endometriosis, laparoscopy, diagnosing endometriosis, menstrual cramps, pain, pelvic
A double-blind study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine found that essential oils may lessen some women's menstrual cramps and provide other benefits for those of us who have "graduated" from menstruation.
Both herbs are extremely effective for relaxing uterine muscles and keeping menstrual cramps at bay.
Naron Fresh C provides useful information on menstrual cramps and the company's proprietary Naron Fresh C painkiller.
For centuries tea drinkers have sipped chamomile for relief from problems ranging from colds to menstrual cramps to jet lag.
While government studies of the medicinal uses of marijuana have been limited, many people report that the drug has helped them with such ailments as glaucoma, migraine headaches, menstrual cramps, pain, insomnia, stress, and can also stimulate the appetite, which sometimes is needed to counter the effects of nausea associated with the treatment of AIDS and cancer.
Camomile tea is good for menstrual cramps - a study discovered it raised levels of glycine, a nerve relaxant that eases muscle spasms and aches.
A recent study conducted in England confirmed that drinking chamomile tea might help relieve a range of ailments including colds and menstrual cramps.
Conditions that benefit from acupuncture include neck pain, menstrual cramps, migraines, carpal tunnel syndrome and kidney stones.
Queen Victoria reportedly used cannabis for menstrual cramps, noted Dr.