mental illness

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mental illness

any of various disorders in which a person's thoughts, emotions, or behaviour are so abnormal as to cause suffering to himself, herself, or other people

mental illness

disease of the mind. Mental illness varies from transitory episodes of anxiety or depression (see NEUROSES) which interfere with normal daily living through the mood changes involved, to the PSYCHOSES which may require in-patient psychiatric treatment to control the severe changes in mood and behaviour associated with them.

A sociology of mental illness has developed as a response to epidemiological studies which have pointed to social causes of mental illness (e.g. depression and bad housing), and from the impetus of the theories of the anti-psychiatrists, such as LAING (1960) and Szasz (1961). See also ANTI-PSYCHIATRY, MADNESS.

mental illness

[′men·təl ′il·nəs]
(psychology)
Any form of mental aberration; usually refers to a chronic or prolonged disorder in which there are wide deviations from the normal.
References in periodicals archive ?
10] Asian patients may not be referred for psychiatric care because they are prone to somatise psychological problems and consequently mental illnesses are not identified and diagnosed.
Using structured questionnaires, the researchers assessed cannabis use as well as various mental illnesses including depression, anxiety, drug and alcohol use disorders and personality disorders, based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
People with serious mental illnesses, however, can usually be helped with proper treatment, which generally combines medication and psychotherapy.
Just as diabetes can be managed, mental illnesses can be managed with professional help, medication and community support.
In dealing with mental illnesses, it is necessary to lay an eye on improving corporate culture in addition to finding people with problems at an early stage,'' said an official of the Productivity Center.
Mental health care professionals sometimes battle to understand the causes of a patient's psychosis or dementia, without knowing that the patient has a late-stage HIV infection, while their colleagues in the HIV/AIDS sector have little or no training on how to deal with patients with mental illnesses.
Less than half (45%) of the adult population think that people with long-term mental illnesses are able to lead independent, fulfilled lives.
However," he adds, "as a country, we have been slow to make those accommodations for individuals with mental illnesses.
Those who experience mental illnesses or disorders tend not to disclose their condition to their employer for fear of discrimination, stereotyping or losing their job.
All three of these truly "reader friendly" titles are confidently recommended for anyone having to cope with mental illnesses within themselves and/or their loved ones.
Policy limitations for mental illnesses typically limit benefits to 24 months if the disability is "caused or contributed to" by a "mental illness.
These models have clearly enhanced our understanding of mental illnesses and ways to treat it.