Mephistopheles


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Mephistopheles:

see FaustFaust
, Faustus
, or Johann Faust
, fl. 16th cent., learned German doctor who traveled widely, performed magical feats, and died under mysterious circumstances.
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.

Mephistopheles

 

(possibly of Greek origin:“hating the light,”from me,“not,” phos,“light,”and philos, loving; by another version, of Hebrew origin: mefits,“the destroyer,”and tofel,“a liar”) , the name of one of the spirits of evil, a demon, a devil; most often, according to legend, the name of the fallen angel Satan.

The folklore and fictional literature of various countries and peoples have frequently made use of the theme of a pact between a demon—a spirit of evil—and man. Sometimes poets have been drawn to the biblical story of the fall and expulsion from paradise of Satan and sometimes to his revolt against god (Milton, Byron, and M. lu. Lermontov). Not uncommon are farces, not far removed from folklore sources, in which the devil plays the role of an imp, a gay trickster who often falls into a trap. In a philosophical tragedy by Goethe, who reinterpreted motifs of a German folk legend, Mephistopheles is the tempter and antagonist of Faust. Pushkin made use of the figure of Mephistopheles. Mephistopheles is the Devil in Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov and T. Mann’s Doctor Faustus —the embodiment of moral nihilism. M. Bulgakov’s Woland is a Mephistophelian figure in The Master and Margarita; he and his retinue are grotesque spirits of evil who punish people for their vices. The image of Mephistopheles has also inspired painters (Delacroix and M. Vrubel’) and composers (Gounod, Berlioz, Liszt, A. G. Rubinstein).

REFERENCES

Legenda o doktore Fauste. Edited by V. M. Zhirmunskii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
Lakshin, V. “Roman M. Bulgakova Master i Margarita.’”Novyi mir, 1968, no. 6.
Milner, M. Le Diable dans la littérature française, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1960.
Kretzenbacher, L. Teufelsbiindner und Faustgestalten im Abendlande. Klagenfurt, 1968.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

Mephistopheles

fiend to whom Faust sells his soul. [Ger. Lit.: Faust]
See: Devil

Mephistopheles

the cynical, malicious devil to whom Faust sells his soul. [Ger. Lit.: Faust, Payton, 436]
See: Evil

Mephistopheles

, Mephisto
a devil in medieval mythology and the one to whom Faust sold his soul in the Faust legend
References in periodicals archive ?
This context is relevant for assessing Faustus's friendship with Mephistopheles.
As Mephistopheles exemplifies, it was considered possible for a devil to disguise or replace things quickly to give them the semblance of transformation.
Aber die grosste interpretatorische Herausforderung besteht wohl darin, das Verhaltnis zwischen Fausts Handlung in dieser Szene, der Reaktion des Pudels und dem Endergebnis, dass Mephistopheles endlich auftritt, zu ergrunden.
The role of Mephistopheles, the demon who tempts Faustus to make a pact with the Devil in return for wealth and power, is one she is relishing.
It isn't long before Faustus has doubts about the bargain, but Mephistopheles has plenty of entertainment at hand to distract Faustus from the terrifying reality of his position and the prospect of its agonizing conclusion.
Mephistopheles, on the other hand, represents the spirit of "denial," the negative side of creation.
Mephistopheles la lui accorde mais Faust doit accepter de devenir le serviteur de Mephistopheles apres avoir retrouve la jeunesse.
As I recall, Pius XII, when he was still in Germany as Church representative, was frightened not only by the rise of National Socialism, but of Communism also, noting that the Reds made use of quotes of Mephistopheles from Goethe's "Faust"--"There is nothing on earth that is not worth being destroyed
The stakes are high in this classic good-versus-evil page-turner featuring the seven sons of Mephistopheles and Elektra in the contemporary world.
Louisa May Alcott's 1877 A Modern Mephistopheles begins with the tableau of the tortured artist named Felix burning his failed manuscript, "offering the first-born of heart and brain as sacrifice to a hard fate.
Mephistopheles, senior partner in the law firm of Beelzebub, Wormwood & Associates, has sent Mr.
Borgonie and his team describe its name as: "Mephisto (from Mephistopheles, pseudo-Greek): 'he who loves not the light', alluding to the Devil, Lord of the Underworld, in reference to the Faust legend in medieval mythology because the new species is found at a depth of 1.