Jones Act(redirected from Merchant Marine Act of 1920)
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a measure adopted by the United States Congress on Aug. 29, 1916; the author was Senator W. Jones. The act provided for the formation in the Philippines of an elected bicameral legislative assembly. The American governor-general retained executive power and the right to veto laws. According to the Jones Act the Philippines were promised independence after a “stable government” was established. In 1934 the Tydings-McDuffie Act was adopted, according to which the Philippines were given autonomy and promised independence after a ten-year “transitional period.”