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(mĕr`ōē), ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced NapataNapata
, ancient city of Nubia, just below the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of Cush. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by Taharka (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.
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 as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent. B.C., Meroë was a major center for iron smelting. It is believed that knowledge of iron casting was carried (7th–10th cent.) from the middle Nile to the middle Niger by a great African overland route. Among Meroë's extensive ruins are royal palaces (6th cent. B.C.) and a temple of Amon. Nearby are cemeteries and three groups of pyramids.



an ancient city in the Sudan, between the fifth and sixth cataracts of the Nile (the ruins of Meroe are 5 km north of present-day Kabushia). Beginning in the second half of the sixth century B.C., it was the capital of Cush (the Meroitic kingdom). A settlement existed on the site of Meroe as early as the Neolithic period. The city’s location near deposits of iron ore and at the intersection of caravan routes aided its rise. Circa 330–340 A.D. Meroe fell to the Axum kingdom. Excavations of the city were led by the British archaeologist J. Garstang from 1909 to 1914. The American scholar George Reisner studied the royal necropolises between 1920 and 1923.


Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroedrevnie tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Awad El Karim Ibrahim vice-president du Parti du Congres national dans la localite de Meroe.
A 'great migration of peoples called Noba' in the south-west, now known as Kordofan, took place in eastward and northward directions; together with the invasion of the Axumites (2) this led to the final fall of Meroe by the middle of the 4th century.
Also, Geoffroy's work, his post with the colonial administration (from which Maou and Fintan will exclude themselves wilfully one way or another) as well as his investigation into the history of Meroe (from which he excludes his wife and child) cuts him off from Fintan and Maou.
Like the interstices that existed between the ancient city-states of Meroe and Napata, the Third Space, unoccupied until an encounter, remains unused, unengaged, and pregnant with possibilities that cannot be realized until humans meet to converse, struggle, or love.
Along the Nile the first cities emerged from the late fourth millennium BC, and by the first millennium BC can be traced as far south as the kingdom of Meroe.
SudanOs tourism minister Mohamed Al Had made the announcement last weekend when he specified that two new archeological sites will be established in the Nahr Alneel state while initially 27 sites in Northern state and the Al-Bejrawiyya pyramids, aka Meroe pyramids will undergo some major work.
Pyramids were so fashionable that everybody that could afford to build one, did," said Rilly, referring to the latter part of the Meroe kingdom, around 100-200 AD.
Finally, the bandits' uncanny ability to intuit the meaning of a scene, without being able to understand it entirely, looks forward to the crowd of Ethiopians gathered at Meroe, who are suddenly able to understand or guess at the meaning of the Greek being spoken among the Ethiopian royals, even though they themselves do not know Greek (Heliod.
Located in modern-day Sudan, Meroe had been a wealthy and vibrant major trading city.
Le Clezio's characters seek innocence and find instead the terrible consequences of the colonial enterprise in such realities as the gradual dispersion and disappearance of the people who have carried the wisdom of Meroe and the destruction of the sacred temples of the people of Cameroun, the "Long Juju" of Arochukwu in Onitsha.
Based at Hamad Bin Khalifa University, UCL Qatar will field a world-class team of archaeologists and scientists to conduct field surveys and partial excavations of ancient mining and quarrying sites found in the vicinity of Meroe.