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(mĕr`ōē), ancient city in N Sudan, on the east bank of the Nile, N of Khartoum. In the mid-6th cent. B.C., Meroë replaced NapataNapata
, ancient city of Nubia, just below the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. From about the 8th cent. B.C., Napata was the capital of the kingdom of Cush. Many great temples like those of Thebes were built here by Taharka (XXV dynasty). The Cushite capital was later moved (c.
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 as the central city of the Cushite dynasty (see CushCush
or Kush
. 1 Son of Ham and father of the Asian nation of the same name, perhaps the same nation as one of similar name in E Mesopotamia. Gen. 10.8; 1 Chron. 1.10. 2 Benjamite opposed to David. Ps. 7, title.
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) and from 530 B.C. until A.D. 350 served as the capital of the dynasty. By the 1st cent. B.C., Meroë was a major center for iron smelting. It is believed that knowledge of iron casting was carried (7th–10th cent.) from the middle Nile to the middle Niger by a great African overland route. Among Meroë's extensive ruins are royal palaces (6th cent. B.C.) and a temple of Amon. Nearby are cemeteries and three groups of pyramids.



an ancient city in the Sudan, between the fifth and sixth cataracts of the Nile (the ruins of Meroe are 5 km north of present-day Kabushia). Beginning in the second half of the sixth century B.C., it was the capital of Cush (the Meroitic kingdom). A settlement existed on the site of Meroe as early as the Neolithic period. The city’s location near deposits of iron ore and at the intersection of caravan routes aided its rise. Circa 330–340 A.D. Meroe fell to the Axum kingdom. Excavations of the city were led by the British archaeologist J. Garstang from 1909 to 1914. The American scholar George Reisner studied the royal necropolises between 1920 and 1923.


Katsnel’son, I. S. Napata i Meroedrevnie tsarstva Sudana. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
A member of a disaster management team secures the area around Merowe Dam as it is inaugurated by Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir in northern Sudan, about 350 km (220 miles) north of the capital Khartoum, March 3, 2009 (Reuters)
But others say the change will be a traumatic experience for those forced to move, as with the more than 40,000 people who were ordered to leave their homes to make way for the Merowe dam and its vast reservoir three years ago.
For instance, in Sudan, the involvement of China in the Merowe Dam project is the result of a long and nurtured relationship between the two countries," Boussougouth notes.
China has also heavily invested in infrastructure such as tanker terminals, roads, pipelines, and projects designed to electrify the country, such as the Merowe Dam.
The construction of the Merowe Dam Project on the Nile in Sudan began in 2000, receiving $200m from the Saudi Fund for Development, $150m from the Kuwait Fund for Economic Development, $150m from the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development, $106m from Oman, and $15m from Qatar.
Besides the Siteit Dam across Upper Atbara River and the Merowe Multi-Purpose Hydro Project on the Nile, Sudan is increasing the present height of the Roseires Dana to provide extra capacity for flood control and irrigation.
The Merowe dam project has received a boost from various Arab funds.
Environmental groups are especially critical of the environmental implications of the Merowe darn in Sudan, where Chinese companies are the primary contractors.
It is active in infrastructure building, with its firms constructing bridges near the Merowe Dam and on two other sites on the River Nile.
The Merowe Dam project, 345 km north of Khartoum in the Northern State, is moving ahead, funded by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE.