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Mesoamerican architecture(1300–500 B.C.)
A characteristic feature of this architecture is the great temple pyramids of pre-Columbian America, which are equivalent in complexity to those of ancient Egypt and the Middle East. The main centers in Mexico and Peru are divided into four main cultures: Mayan, Toltec, Aztec, and Inca. All four of these civilizations conceived of their architecture in monumental terms characterized by strong grid plans, huge walled enclosures, and vast stone cities.
Architecture of the area of Mexico and Central America in which the presence of certain pre-Hispanic cultural traits permits the classification of cultures of the region as one civilization; includes central and southern Mexico, the Yucatán peninsula, Guatemala, El Salvador, and parts of Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica.