mesquite(redirected from Mesquite (botany))
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Mesquite(məskēt`), city (1990 pop. 101,484), Dallas co., N Tex., a suburb of Dallas; inc. 1887. Manufacturing includes industrial power supplies, building materials, and medical equipment. The city's population increased by more than 50% between 1980 and 1990, and it continues to be one of the fastest-growing U.S. cities. An annual rodeo is held there every October.
mesquite(mĭskēt`, mĕs`kēt), any plant of the genus Prosopis, leguminous spiny trees or shrubs of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
..... Click the link for more information. family), native to tropical and subtropical regions. The seed pods of P. juliflora, a common mesquite, contain a sweet pulp eaten by numerous mammals, including domestic livestock. The mesquite still provides a staple food for many people in Mexico, who grind the bean pod into meal for bread and also use it to make a fermented beverage. The flowers are an excellent honey source. The stems yield a gum somewhat like gum arabic; the very durable wood is valued for fence posts and fuel. The charcoal of the wood is used for grilling foods. Mesquites, which grow in barren sites unsuited to most crops, are good water indicators; their roots may penetrate 50 to 60 ft (15–18 m) into the earth to find moisture. Mesquites are a characteristic part of the vegetation in arid western regions of the Americas (e.g., the chaparralchaparral
, type of plant community in which shrubs are dominant. It occurs usually in regions having from 10 to 20 in. (25–50 cm) of rainfall annually and with a Mediterranean-type climate.
..... Click the link for more information. of the SW United States). Mesquite is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
An airy desert tree with delicate leaves and long bean-shaped seed pods that are ground up into meal (powder) and has been used as staple food for centuries by desert dwellers. High protein, minerals, with good quantities of calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and zinc, lots of amino acid lysine with a sweet rich molasses-like flavor with a hint of caramel- blends well into smoothies, especially those made w cacao and maca. The indians loved this multi-use tree. Immature pods can be eaten or heated like vegetables. Dry, older pods can be ground into powder for flour or even a sugar substitute (they are 16% sugar) that’s why they taste so great. I simply just bite off a piece of the hardened pod and spit out the seeds.(not necessary when young and soft) Flowers can be eaten raw. The sticky tree resin can be eaten like gum. Don’t eat moldy pods- watch for black spots. Mesquite has antibacterial qualities. When damaged, the tree can sprout multiple trunks and continue growing.
Any plant of the genus Prosopis, especially P. juliflora, a spiny tree or shrub bearing sugar-rich pods; an important livestock feed.