Messene


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Messene

(mĕsē`nē), ancient city, central Messenia (now Messinías prov.), Greece. It was founded (c.369 B.C.) under Theban auspices to be a capital and fort for the Messenians, whom the battle of Leuctra had just freed from the Spartans. The ruins, notably of the city walls dating from the 4th cent. B.C., are well preserved. Modern Messíni is at some distance.

Messene

an ancient Greek city in the SW Peloponnese: founded in 369 bc as the capital of Messenia
References in periodicals archive ?
Svavarsson pays a special attention to the central piece of evidence for Pyrrho's views, a passage from the Peripatetic philosopher Aristocles of Messene, which is usually read in two opposing ways, presenting Pyrrho either as an advocate of the metaphysical thesis of the indeterminacy of things, or as a sceptic who insists that we cannot decide how things really are.
ABOVE: Allan's book; right, the author, and below: part of the city of Messene, built below Mount Ithome, a site claimed as the birthplace of Zeus, with its gymnasium dedicated to Hercules, Hermes and Theseus LOST WORLD: The heart of Arcadia and a site of temples to Apollo, Aphrodite and Artemis where a stone throne still stands in an ancient theatre
She has published extensively on Jewish-American literature and is the author of Bernard Malamud (Paris: Belin, 1999), Moon Palace de Paul Auster ou la strategie de l'ecart (Paris: Messene, 1996) and Regards sur la fiction breve de Cynthia Ozick (Paris: l'Harmattan, 1996).
As well as the ancient Greek theatres of Messene and Dionysus, they include the Paris Opera, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, and Sir Christopher Wren's Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.
Ports of call include Athens, Messene, Olympia, Delphi and the Greek islands of Kos, Santorini, Delos, and Mykonos.
Among the topics are a Mellian fenestrated stand in the Nicholson Museum at the University of Sydney, Athenian decrees of 404/3 to 86 BC passed at the same meeting, limestone reliefs with raised hands from Messene, and a new portrait of the Emperor Hadrian.
Whole grapes are not a common discovery in Greece; the only archaeological occurrence of whole grapes so far comes from a burnt offering at Messene in the Peloponnese (Megaloudi 2005b) and from the ninth/sixth century BC cemetery of Orthi Petra at Eleftherna in Crete (Megaloudi unpublished).
Three dimensional reconstructions of the theatres of Pompeii, the Paris Opera, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, the Teatro Olympico at Vicenza in Italy and the ancient Greek theatres of Messene and Dionysus are all being recreated in the unique programme.