Messenia

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Related to Messinia: Messenian, Messinia Prefecture

Messenia

(mĕsē`nēə), ancient region of SW Greece, in the Peloponnesus and corresponding to the modern nome of Messinías. Excavation has revealed an important center of Mycenaean culture at PylosPylos
, ancient harbor, Messenia, SW Greece, on a bay of the Ionian Sea. Excavations have revealed a great Mycenaean palace of the 13th cent. B.C., perhaps the dwelling of King Nestor.
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 dating from the 13th cent. B.C. From the 8th cent. B.C. the Messenians were engaged in a series of revolts against expanding Sparta. After the First Messenian War the Spartans annexed (c.700 B.C.) the eastern part of Messenia. With the Second Messenian War the remaining inhabitants were reduced (7th cent. B.C.) to helots. The Third Messenian War (464–459 B.C.) was a failure for Messenia, but very costly to Sparta. The battle of LeuctraLeuctra
, village of ancient Greece, in Boeotia, 7 mi (11.3 km) SW of Thebes. There the Spartans were defeated (371 B.C.) by the Thebans under Epaminondas. A brilliant tactical success, the battle also dealt a severe blow to Spartan hegemony.
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 (371 B.C.) freed Messenia, and Messene was founded (c.369 B.C.) as the capital. The region gave its name to Messina, Sicily, because of an influx of Messenian colonists (c.490 B.C.).

Bibliography

See C. A. Roebuck, A History of Messenia from 369 to 146 B.C. (1941); The Minnesota Messenia Expedition, ed. by W. A. McDonald and G. R. Rapp (1972).

Messenia

 

(Messinia), the name of a region in ancient Greece, in the southwestern Peloponnesus, and of a modern nomos. According to legend, it was inhabited by the Leleges. Homer describes it as the kingdom of the legendary Nestor, with its capital at Pilos, where many remains of the Aegean culture have been preserved. As a result of the Messenian Wars, Messenia came under Spartan rule. It regained its independence in 369 B.C., after Epaminondas’ victory over Sparta. That year Messene was founded as the capital of the region. In the first century B.C., Messenia was incorporated into the Roman province of Achaea.

Messenia

the southwestern area of the Peloponnese in S Greece
References in periodicals archive ?
dagger]] Current address: Directory of Rural Development, Trifilia, Messinia, Greece.
The Britons and two Dutchmen wept and hugged each other as they were acquitted and the sentences quashed by the judges in Kalamata, Messinia.
So select, in fact, that Meldrum offers an estate-labeled olive, Father Red's Messinia Estate Kalamatas, from an olive grower who is also the town priest.
Located amidst lush olive groves in the Messinia region on Greece's southwest Peloponnese coast, The Romanos was the first hotel to open in the new luxury destination of Costa Navarino this past June.
Contract notice: Open international electronic tender for the award of transport services students of primary and secondary education, territorial competence ee messinia, for the school years 2015, 2016, 2017.
For years, the pristine sands of the Peloponnese, the Mani and Messinia have remained mainly undisturbed -- save for a few Dutch nature lovers in camper vans or the type of Brit who wears Rohan shorts and carries a plastic map folder around his neck and Germans, who are still never totally welcomed in this part of Greece with WWII memories raw and take shelter in remote villas.
Located amidst lush olive groves in the Messinia region on Greece's southwest Peloponnese coast, the sumptuous Romanos Resort is the first hotel to open in the new luxury destination of Costa Navarino.
Public open international tender for the supply of fuel for the needs of the General Hospital of Messinia (Kalamata nursing unit).
Which is why, in the villages of Messinia, there is now alarm and anxious meetings in village halls about the huge integrated resorts and golf courses planned for the area.
After my fortnight in Messinia, the south-west area of the Peloponnese, I am a convert.