Morandi was a Futurist for a short period, and then, together with Giorgio de Chirico and Carlo Carra, was associated with the metaphysical painting
movement (pittura metafisica).
One recurrent reference is the metaphysical painting
of Alberto Savinio and Giorgio de Chirico, referred to in four paintings on canvas: the densely colored Ara Ara Ara, Stream of Thoughts, and Mindfulness of Emotions, and the vivid Cosmic Joke.
Wieland Schmied, "De Chirico, Metaphysical Painting
and the International Avant-Garde: Twelve Theses," in Italian Art in the Twentieth Century, 1900-1988, ed.
Hassan Khan: Is there a place for metaphysical painting
in today's culture?
Chirico's rejection of modernism, did not mean that he abandoned his metaphysical painting
Despite his apparently detached stance, the artist acts in maieutic fashion, "drawing out" rebellion against the system through play; just as in Metaphysical Painting
or Surrealism, when the object becomes paradoxical, one finally sees it for what it is.
There turns out to be no dramatic moment of conversion in Gottlieb's career, no definitive point where he leaves behind metaphysical painting
and arrives at Abstract Expressionism.
When he saw the metaphysical paintings
of Giorgio de Chirico and a Surrealist show in Brussels in 1934 (which included his colleague, Rene Magritte), the young Delvaux promptly changed course and began painting his dreams with abandonment.
Typical of de Chirico's early metaphysical paintings
, this composition contains a tower, an arcade, strong contrasting colors and shadows, and a sense of disturbing quiet that are iconic to his work.
The vision of those ruins is very apt to share the feeling evoked in metaphysical paintings
De Chirico created metaphysical paintings
that included representational imagery that was often bizarre and incongruous, a prelude to Surrealism.
The triangles and T squares of Giorgio de Chirico's metaphysical paintings
are their forebears, and they signal a revived introspection spurred by the Second World War.