Metapontum(redirected from Metapontium)
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Metapontum(mĕtəpŏn`təm), ancient city of Magna GraeciaMagna Graecia
[Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory.
..... Click the link for more information. , on the Gulf of Taranto, SE Italy. Settled by Greeks, c.7th cent. B.C., it flourished and gave refuge to Pythagoreans expelled from Crotona. Pythagoras taught and died there. There are remains of a Doric temple, called Tavole Paladine, and other ruins.