weather satellite

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Related to Meteorological satellites: Satellite meteorology, Weather satellites

weather satellite,

artificial satellitesatellite, artificial,
object constructed by humans and placed in orbit around the earth or other celestial body (see also space probe). The satellite is lifted from the earth's surface by a rocket and, once placed in orbit, maintains its motion without further rocket propulsion.
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 used to gather data on a global basis for improvement of weather forecasting. Information includes cloud cover, storm location, temperature, and heat balance in the earth's atmosphere. The first weather satellites in the United States were those of the Tiros series, which began in 1960; the Nimbus series, which moved in a polar orbit, was next; the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) started in 1966 and launched weather satellites; and in 1972, the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) provided photographs to help forecasting. Other meteorological satellites include a series of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES), which send weather data and pictures that cover a section of the United States; China, Japan, India, and the European Space Agency (ESA) have similar craft. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's satellite series relay meteorological data to stations on the surface, including information on possible changes in various weather parameters that may signal climateclimate,
average condition of the atmosphere near the earth's surface over a long period of time, taking into account temperature, precipitation (see rain), humidity, wind, barometric pressure, and other phenomena.
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See R. Taggart, Weather Satellite Handbook (5th ed. 1995); S. Q. Kidder et al., Satellite Meteorology: An Introduction (1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
Under the contract, Harris will maintain Defense Meteorological Satellites Program (DMSP) software and hardware, and support compliance with information assurance requirements.
Based in Darmstadt, Germany, EUMETSAT is an intergovernmental organization that establishes and maintains meteorological satellites in 18 European countries for weather forecasts and global climate observation.
Department of Defense, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, the Centre National D'Etudies Spatiales of France and the Indian Space Research Organisation.
The STT receives imagery and environmental data from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) and automatic picture transmission imagery and high-resolution picture transmission imagery from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), as well as data from other polar orbiting meteorological satellites.
When Himawari-9 is launched in 2016, it will mark over 20 years of Mitsubishi Electric's involvement with geostationary meteorological satellites, beginning with MTSAT-2.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Japan; the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales in France; the Indian Space Research Organisation; and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites.
The company's previous meteorological work includes the on-orbit experience gained from five Geostationary Meteorological Satellites (GMS) built for Japan, which were launched between 1977 and 1995; and the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES D through H) built for NASA/NOAA, which were launched between 1980 and 1995.
The programme is a cooperative undertaking between ESA and EUMETSAT, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites.
Enhancing WDA will deliver advanced capabilities to the Air Force, enabling the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) to process and disseminate data from next generation meteorological satellites more efficiently, significantly reducing sustainment costs," said James Olson, director of Space and Environmental Mission Solutions for Raytheon's Intelligence and Information Systems business.
Our relationship began when SS/L developed the spin-stabilized Synchronous Meteorological Satellites that were first launched in 1974 and were later replaced by the current series of GOES spacecraft," Klineberg added.
The European Space Agency (ESA) is said to have awarded the contract for the construction of Europe's next generation polar-orbiting meteorological satellites.
The third communications upgrade at McMurdo supports several missions that use the station for satellite downlink, including the NASA Near Earth Network Sciences (NENS) McMurdo Ground Station, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) polar-orbiting MetOp satellite mission, and the U.

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