Eugenol

(redirected from Methyleugenol)
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eugenol

[′yü·jə‚nȯl]
(organic chemistry)
CH2CHCH2C6H3(OCH3)OH A colorless or yellowish aromatic liquid with spicy odor and taste, soluble in organic solvents, and extracted from clove oil; used in flavors, perfumes, medicines, and the manufacture of vanilla.

Eugenol

 

(also 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol), a yellowish liquid having the structural formula

Eugenol has the odor of cloves. It is soluble in alcohol and ether and slightly soluble in water. It has a melting point of 10.3°C, a boiling point of 252.7°C, and a density of 1.066 g/cm3 at 20°C. Eugenol is extracted from essential oils, including clove oil, which has a eugenol content of up to 95 percent, and the oil of East Indian basil, which is approximately 70 percent eugenol. It can be synthesized from such compounds as guaiacol.

Eugenol is used as an aromatic substance in the manufacture of perfumes and vanillin.

References in periodicals archive ?
Human consumption of methyleugenol and its elimination from serum.
Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of methyleugenol and related congeners--a mechanism of activation for methyleugenol.
Cytochrome P450 mediated bioactivation of methyleugenol to 1'-hydroxymethyleugenol in Fischer 344 rat and human liver microsomes.
2002) Methyleugenol Piper 2723% (100 nigrum [micro]M) (Yano et al.
Eugenol and methyleugenol showed to be moderately active.
Methyleugenol was found to be a very potent multisite carcinogen in male and female F344/N rats and B6C3[F.
Either synthesized or of natural origin, methyleugenol is in common use as a flavoring agent in candy, cookies such as gingersnaps, ice cream, pies such as pumpkin pie, puddings, cola soft drinks, bubble gum, French toast, eggnog topped with nutmeg, pates and terrines, tomato ketchup and relish, sweet chili sauce, apple butter, chutney, anise biscotti, mincemeat, and gingerbread (Burdock 1995; Leung 1980).
In its meeting on 2-3 February 2004, the working party finalised recommendations concerning the use of herbal medicinal products containing methyleugenol and estragole after review of comments which had been submitted by interested parties.
Whether you intend to or not, chances are you will consume approximately 6 micrograms of methyleugenol (ME) today, according to a report in this month's issue by Dana B.
We developed a sensitive and accurate analytical method for quantifying methyleugenol (ME) in human serum.
Key words: mass spectrometry, methyleugenol, reference range, serum.
Furthermore, eugenol and methyleugenol exhibited anesthetic and muscle relaxant effects (Dallmeier and Carlini, 1981).