Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.



in ancient Greece, aliens, including freed slaves, who had settled in a city-state. Most of the information available to modern scholars concerns the Athenian metics.

Although the metics were personally free, they had no political rights, were not allowed to marry Athenian citizens, and, as a rule, could not own real property. Each metic was obliged to have an Athenian citizen as a guardian or patron, pay a special metic tax to the state (12 drachmas a year for a man and six for a woman), and register with the deme (local government body) of his place of residence. The metics were subject to military service and, like Athenian citizens, had to pay the eisphora, a special war tax. Some metics were wealthy slaveholders, merchants, shipowners, or owners of handicraft shops. The liturgy (leitourgia, a public service or office) was imposed on wealthy metics, as well as on wealthy Athenians. In the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. a considerable proportion of the urban population of Athens was made up of metics, who played an important role in the economy of the city-state. The status of the metics varied, depending on the city-state.


Latyshev, V. V. Ocherk grecheskikh drevnostei, part 1. St. Petersburg, 1897.
Gluskina, L. M. “Afinskie meteki v bor’be za vosstanovlenie demokratii v kon. V v. do n. e.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1958, no. 2.
Clerc, M. Les Métèques athéniens. Paris, 1893.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most striking type of injustice in Aristotle's ideal state, however, does not involve metics or slaves, people whose exploited status we can understand Aristotle taking for granted.
The new 1580sqm store, located on Hafeet road, will stock Max's homegrown label of women's, men's and children's fashion as well as home decor, footwear, toys, cosA[degrees] metics and accessories.
17 /PRNewswire/ -- The Electronic Discovery Reference Model (EDRM) Metics and XML Projects will be holding a group meeting during the course of the International Legal Technology Association (ILTA) 2006 Annual Meeting at the JW Marriott Orlando Grande Lakes Hotel in Orlando, FL.
The metics at Athens, the wayfaring journeymen of the Middle Ages, and the migrant craft unionist of the nineteenth century are [their] lineal descendants .
On the still-poor Balkans: In the "absence of metics [those outsider workers], they war on one another and blame their misery on exploitation by richer economies in Western Europe.
One can only speculate as to the reason for such marginality: it could be rank (very high, very low); it could represent foreignness, a state of being similar to that of the metics in ancient Athenian society, who were non-citizen alien workers.
21) Aristotle's point is that metics (or resident alients) often have the right to represent themselves in lawcourts either to bring suit or to defend themselves against suits.