Windows 8

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Windows 8

The previous client version of Windows. Introduced in October 2012, Windows 8 featured desktop-tablet integration. Updated to Windows 8.1 a year later, Windows 8 was superseded by Windows 10 in 2015 (see Windows 10).

Swivel-screen laptops that convert to a flat slate and laptops with removable screens were designed to take advantage of the desktop-tablet integration. In addition, Microsoft introduced its own tablet hardware for the first time (see Surface tablet). See convertible laptop and hybrid laptop.

Two Interfaces: Desktop and Tablet (Metro)
Windows 8 employs the traditional desktop user interface (UI) with overlapping, resizable windows like Windows 7; however, there are major navigation changes. The Start menu was replaced with a Start screen, Apps screen and Charm bar (see Win8 abc's, Win8 touch tips and Win8 mouse tips).

Also provided is a tablet-style UI that was originally named "Metro." Although Microsoft officially dropped the Metro name, there are thousands of articles that refer to Metro. Resembling the Windows Phone interface, the "tile-based" tablet-style features full-screen apps geared for touchscreens (but also work on regular screens), and users can easily switch between tablet-style and traditional desktop apps on their Windows 8 PCs and tablets.

Two Platforms: x86 and ARM
The desktop-style interface runs on x86 PCs, while tablet-style apps from the Windows Store run on x86 PCs, x86 tablets and ARM tablets. All x86 tablets run Windows 8 and feature Windows 7 compatibility, while ARM tablets run the Windows RT operating system and only RT apps from the Windows Store. Windows ARM tablets come with Windows RT versions of Microsoft Office, Internet Explorer and File Explorer (see Windows RT). See Windows 8 versions, Win8 abc's, Windows 10, Windows Store, ARM chips, tile-based interface and Windows Phone.


Windows 8 Start Screen
The style of the icon on the Start screen identifies the app as desktop or tablet style (Metro). All of the square, gray tiles are desktop apps, which also means this is an x86 PC and not an ARM tablet. See Win8 Start screen.







The Snap Feature
On x86 and ARM tablets, two apps can share the screen with one displayed as a sidebar. On x86 PCs and tablets, the desktop and one tablet app can exist side-by-side. See Win8 Sidebar.


The Snap Feature
On x86 and ARM tablets, two apps can share the screen with one displayed as a sidebar. On x86 PCs and tablets, the desktop and one tablet app can exist side-by-side. See Win8 Sidebar.


The Snap Feature
On x86 and ARM tablets, two apps can share the screen with one displayed as a sidebar. On x86 PCs and tablets, the desktop and one tablet app can exist side-by-side. See Win8 Sidebar.







Touch Keyboard
Like all tablets, Windows 8 and Windows RT tablets have touchscreen keyboards, although a variety of external keyboards are available.
References in periodicals archive ?
Deb Rouse: "It comes to something when you have to check the Tyne and Wear Metro app before you set off for work and hope it's saying everything's on time.
Project Description : This project will implement enhancements to current Capital Metro App that will add new features and functions, such as imbedded trip planning, based on customer feedback and industry trends in mobile apps.
Atiek's Dubai Metro App was selected from the entries
ON TRACK: Computer enthusiast Paul Smith who had the idea for the Next Metro app APP'S THE WAY TO DO IT: The Next Metro app tells you when your train is due and also has a map of the Metro network
Chrome is currently present as a Windows 8 Metro app but the browser is basically the same as the regular desktop version with no touch-friendly features.
Within every Metro app, a user has a built-in search option for that app, without exiting to a separate browser.
The Total Defense Research Team suggests major platform vendors can do more - Microsoft can lock-down Windows 8 to a greater extent on the PC by enticing more Metro App development and Google can better secure Android Apps by offering certified applications via their Android Marketplace.
Improved power management in Windows 8 takes a three-pronged approach: The introduction of the Metro app model; idle hygiene; and runtime device power management.
The other option is pushing your mouse all the way to the top of the screen until your pointer becomes a hand, clicking, and then dragging the Metro app to the bottom of your screen.
1 Update 1, showing a Metro app with a new title bar at the top, probably for use on the Desktop.
For Windows 10, Microsoft has already released developer tools that allow for the creation of 'traditional' Win32 apps - the kind that ran on Windows 7 and below, not the new Modern / Metro apps - that can be sold on the Windows store.
5 billion mouse-and-keyboard users actually embracing the new live tile portion of the Start menu and using windowed Metro apps on the Desktop.

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