Metropolitan Area

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Metropolitan Area

 

an urban area made up of several cities or of one city and the surrounding communities. Metropolitan areas are a typical form of urbanization in contemporary bourgeois countries, where their rise and development are the result of the chaotic and uncontrolled growth of urban territories under conditions engendered by private landownership and private capitalist enterprise. Greater New York, Tokyo, and London are metropolitan areas.

Metropolitan areas are most common in the USA, where they are officially called standard metropolitan statistical areas. According to official statistics, there are about 240 metropolitan areas in the USA, and 64.3 percent of the country’s population lives in them. For instance, Greater New York has more than 11.4 million inhabitants, and Chicago and Los Angeles, 6 million each. In Great Britain metropolitan areas are usually called conurbations.

In bourgeois metropolitan areas problems connected with the crisis of capitalist cities, including the growth of slums, the increase in crime, unsatisfactory community services and transportation facilities, and pollution have become extremely serious. The difficulty of solving these problems is increased by the fact that, as a rule, bourgeois metropolitan areas lack unified administrative systems. For instance, Greater Chicago has more than 1,100 local agencies operating independently of each other.

G. V. BARABASHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
The ranking, released March 2, was based on eight metrics, including percentage of businesses owned by women in each metro area, average revenue of woman-owned businesses, and percentage of women with a bachelor's degree or higher in each area.
Many of the top-ranking metro areas are being boosted by growth in technology jobs, including traditional tech centers in San Francisco and San Jose but also emerging ones in Austin and Salt Lake City.
For all metro areas in the US, the average revision in the benchmarked data is plus or minus 1.
During that period, Boston ranked among the 20 second-strongest metro areas in the country, and the Springfield area landed in the middle of the 100-metro ranking.
In addition to these major demographic changes, the report also suggests a new typology of metro areas based not on geography, such as Sun Belt cities and Rust Belt cities, but rather shared demographic change characteristics.
That means the unemployment rates in most metro areas probably will rise in the months ahead.
metro areas were nations, 47 of the world's 100 largest economies would be in the United States.
Of 330 metro areas for which we have building permit data, Indianapolis ranked 225th with a 1.
California still had six metro areas in the top 10 spots in this year's survey and 10 of the top 25 spots on the list, with San Diego capturing the No.
Metro areas in the top 10 that have exceptionally low relative business costs - defined to include the cost of labor, energy, taxes and office rents - include Norfolk, Orlando, and Austin.
At the other end of the spectrum, rural high-amenity and retirement-destination counties had the advantage of attractive amenities, and rural counties adjacent to large metro areas benefited from their ties to the major centers of information.
Skyhook Wireless has pioneered the development of the first positioning system that uses WiFi instead of GPS, giving the end-user better and more reliable accuracy indoors and in metro areas while using just their computer or PDA.

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