Metropolitan Area

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Metropolitan Area

 

an urban area made up of several cities or of one city and the surrounding communities. Metropolitan areas are a typical form of urbanization in contemporary bourgeois countries, where their rise and development are the result of the chaotic and uncontrolled growth of urban territories under conditions engendered by private landownership and private capitalist enterprise. Greater New York, Tokyo, and London are metropolitan areas.

Metropolitan areas are most common in the USA, where they are officially called standard metropolitan statistical areas. According to official statistics, there are about 240 metropolitan areas in the USA, and 64.3 percent of the country’s population lives in them. For instance, Greater New York has more than 11.4 million inhabitants, and Chicago and Los Angeles, 6 million each. In Great Britain metropolitan areas are usually called conurbations.

In bourgeois metropolitan areas problems connected with the crisis of capitalist cities, including the growth of slums, the increase in crime, unsatisfactory community services and transportation facilities, and pollution have become extremely serious. The difficulty of solving these problems is increased by the fact that, as a rule, bourgeois metropolitan areas lack unified administrative systems. For instance, Greater Chicago has more than 1,100 local agencies operating independently of each other.

G. V. BARABASHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing contributed to growth in many metropolitan areas, witH concentrated areas benefiting from this industry's growth.
Consistent with national trade figures, metropolitan area exports were strongest to our North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico.
Find out more in "Occupational Pay Comparisons Among Metropolitan Areas, 2006," USDL news release 07-1455.
Five most expensive metropolitan Areas (measured by Zindex) are San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose ($702,298); Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County ($555,391); San Diego ($535,391); New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island ($472,042); Sacramento-Yolo ($403,886)
For the second year in a row, couple families in Oshawa had the highest median total family income among all census metropolitan areas.
Although Pack does not appear to favor the introduction of a systematic local regional development policy, her recommendations to improve the well-being of persons in depressed metropolitan areas are clearly political in nature.
As Fulton and Pendall point out, "Fifty-six metropolitan areas lost population from 1982 to 1997.
We found that there is indeed a significant relationship across metropolitan areas between political fragmentation and the degree of job decentralization,'' the report concluded, ``suggesting that employment sprawl is driven by politics as much as by economics.
Daily transportation expenses paid or incurred between the taxpayer's residence and a temporary, work location outside the metropolitan area where the taxpayer lives and normally works.
While still dominated by the "big three" auto makers, Detroit metropolitan area business growth is shifting to suburban business centers with an emphasis on communications-intensive high-tech, finance and service industries.
The lowest was in the St John's metropolitan area, $16,900; and the highest was in the Ottawa-Gatenau area, $26,800.

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