Mexicans


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Related to Mexicans: Mexican American

Mexicans

 

a nation, the bulk of the population of Mexico, numbering about 43 million (1971, estimate). In addition, about 4 million Mexicans live in the southwestern USA. Mexicans speak Spanish, in which there are many borrowings from various indigenous languages. Most Mexicans are Catholics. The Mexican nation evolved through the mixing of 16th-century Spanish conquerors and later Spanish settlers with various indigenous Indian groups, including the Aztecs, Mayas, Otomis, Mixtecs, and Zapotecs, and to some extent with Negroes brought from Africa as slaves. By the 19th century the mestizo nucleus of the nation had emerged. The development of capitalism, the national liberation struggle against Spanish colonial oppression (which culminated in 1821 in the creation of an independent state), and the bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1910-17 contributed to the amalgamation of the Mexican people. Their striking and distinctive culture has preserved Spanish and Indian cultural traditions.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959. (Bibliography.)
Mashbits, la. G. Meksika. Moscow, 1961.

I. F. KHOROSHAEVA

References in classic literature ?
She herself could think of nothing to say about Mexico or the Mexicans.
It is there that the fugitive slave, and the Mexican prisoner on parole, and the Indian come to plead the wrongs of his race should find them; on that separate but more free and honorable ground, where the State places those who are not with her, but against her--the only house in a slave State in which a free man can abide with honor.
In another place was a vast array of idols--Polynesian, Mexican, Grecian, Phoenician, every country on earth I should think.
Up the course of this branch, as Captain Bonneville was well aware, lay the route to the Camanche and Kioway Indians, and to the northern Mexican settlements; of the other branch he knew nothing.
The horses owned by the Arickaras are, for the most part, of the wild stock of the prairies; some, however, had been obtained from the Poncas, Pawnees, and other tribes to the southwest, who had stolen them from the Spaniards in the course of horse-stealing expeditions into Mexican territories.
People talk of the transparent waters of the Mexican Bay of Acapulco, but in my own experience I know they cannot compare with those I am speaking of.
While I was in the full flush of this ardor there came to see our school, one day, a Mexican gentleman who was studying the American system of education; a mild, fat, saffron man, whom I could almost have died to please for Cervantes' and Don Quixote's sake, because I knew he spoke their tongue.
A Mexican with a knife, miss," he answered, moistening his parched lips and clearing hip throat.
asked a squat and hairy man, with cruel eyes and Mexican features.
Once in every decade there shall be a general settlement, when the balance due shall be paid to the creditor nation in Mexican dollars.
Dunfer's, on the road from Hutton's to Mexican Hill, the highway dips into a sunless ravine which opens out on either hand in a half-confidential manner, as if it had a secret to impart at some more convenient season.
Then there was a Mexican who sold big slabs of brown chewing taffy for five cents each.