Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic


the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.


Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.


References in periodicals archive ?
Mhairi is a signpost for a new type of politics and a new way of being a politician.
Ar Fai y 7ed, 2015, enwyd Mhairi Black yn aelod seneddol.
Mhairi was told she was likely to go into labour within 48 hours and her baby would die.
Mhairi said she had been searching for training courses to help her turn her lifelong hobby of showing poodles into a new career.
I like cycling because you can go further on a bike than you can say running," says Mhairi.
Mhairi is a Fellow of The Marketing Society, a Fellow of the CIM and a Council Member of The Marketing Group of Great Britain.
Mhairi said: "There is still a lot of intolerance, a lot of discrimination, which would never be tolerated against other races.
Mhairi added: "Since I was given the part, I have spent hours researching Flora.
The Newcastle Bach Choir, with Eric Cross conducting, will be joined by some of Europe's finest early music soloists and period instrumentalists including sopano Mhairi Lawson and countertenor Robert Blaze.
A senior research scientist, Mhairi joins a group of senior industrialists helping employers to tackle crucial skills issues.