Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic


the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.


Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.


References in periodicals archive ?
Mhairi was told she was likely to go into labour within 48 hours and her baby would die.
Mhairi said she had been searching for training courses to help her turn her lifelong hobby of showing poodles into a new career.
I like cycling because you can go further on a bike than you can say running," says Mhairi.
I'm not one to talk, but I'm pretty sure if Mhairi was looking for fashion tips he wouldn't be at the top of her list of callers.
So when Mhairi was invited by ONE, the anti-poverty group co-founded by the Irish rock star, to see charity work being carried out in Kenya, she jumped at the chance.
Pharmacology honours graduate Mhairi Anderson, 27, has joined the board with the aspiration of encouraging more young people to take up careers in the process industries.
Mhairi McDermott, 29, of Walker, Newcastle, is urging women to register for the Cancer Research UK event this year.
Paisley and Renfrewshire South SNP MP Mhairi Black and Paisley Northwest Councillor Mags MacLaren used the occasion to call on more woman to become engaged in politics.
ASPIRING actress Mhairi Waddell has been given her best Christmas present ever - a role in a festive TV ad.
That's what attracted 27-year-old Mhairi Greer and her partner Stuart Malcolm to Barratt's Burnside @ Riverside Quarter development in Aberdeen.