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Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They inhabit Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Massachusetts, and Maine. French missionaries came into contact with them in the early 17th cent., and the Micmacs were allies of the French throughout the history of New France. Contact with Europeans did not have the usual effect of tribal disintegration, and the Micmacs still thrive, though their culture has changed radically. Many are Roman Catholics. The Micmacs are expert canoeists, and, although their economy once centered on fishing and hunting, they now derive their income primarily from agriculture. In 1990 there were over 15,000 Micmac in Canada. Another 2,700 Micmac live in the United States, the only federally recognized band being the Aroostook in Maine.


See W. D. and R. S. Wallis, The Micmac Indians of Eastern Canada (1955); J. F. Pratson, Land of the Four Directions (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
He had been given a quasi-military position by Quebec as a spy and an agent provocateur, and he stirred up the French and the Mi'kmaq against the redcoats.
As Mi'kmaq, the legal history of the Act's membership provisions cannot be viewed in an objective manner.
The co-operative spirit of this agreement will make a lasting difference as we continue to make progress on important issues affecting the Mi'kmaq of Prince Edward Island.
Ostensibly, it is a murder mystery in which the title character, a Mi'kmaq RCMP officer named Markus Paul, seeks to unravel the truth behind a mysterious death that has remained unsolved for more than 20 years.
The Survivor, published in June, tells of Almond's great-grandfather's rescue by and subsequent life among the Mi'kmaq people.
In their study of hospital admission rates among members of the Mi'kmaq Nation in Nova Scotia, Webster et al.
After congratulating the winning team, the couple will be welcomed by First Nations people with a traditional Mi'kmaq smudging ceremony.
00pm) Iolo Williams meets the Mi'kmaq tribe in Canada, where he spends time at a remote fishing camp, experiences a moose hunt, and tries the life of a tribal commercial fisherman.
IOLO AC INDIAID AMERICA S4C, 9pm Yr wythnos hon bydd Iolo Williams yn teithio i Nova Scotia, Canada, ar gyrion Mr yr Iwerydd i wlad y Mi'kmaq.
7) When the book was published, the Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq Chiefs requested that Cameron, a senior constitutional lawyer with the Department of Justice in Nova Scotia, be removed from any cases involving First Nations.
The text is bilingual--in English (or a French edition is also available) and Mi'kmaq.
Citing primarily Mi'kmaq examples in the latter subsection, Rieti is careful to "emphasize that settlers are the source of almost all the available material" (54) and that Mi'kmaq accounts have yet to be examined.