Miasmas


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Miasmas

 

according to old ideas (in the “prebacterial” period), noxious emanations, the products of decay, which supposedly cause infectious diseases. Since the 19th century the term “miasmas” has been used only in a figurative sense.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dust here encompasses the disease-causing miasmas of the Middle Ages and poisonous gases in Japanese subways.
The island is a place "of fetid swamp, unhealthy miasmas, shadeless bush, and painful extremes of heat and cold.
The book is divided into three periods, each characterized by a different environmental paradigm: the age of miasmas (colonial times up to 1880), the age of bacteriology (1880-1945), and the new ecology (1945 to the present).