Michael Davitt


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Davitt, Michael

 

Born Mar. 25, 1846, at Straide in County Mayo; died May 31, 1906, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary democrat.

The son of a small tenant farmer, Davitt began to participate actively in the Fenian movement in 1865, and in 1870 he was sentenced to 15 years of penal labor. He was freed in 1877 and kept under police surveillance. Recognizing the failure of the conspiratorial, terrorist tactics of the Fenians, he proposed combining a mass movement for agrarian reform with parliamentary and extraparliamentary struggle for national independence. In 1879, Davitt and Parnell organized the Land League. In 1890, Davitt broke with the bourgeois leaders of the movement for home rule.

Associating closely with the workers’ movement, Davitt accepted socialist ideas. He became a member of Parliament in 1895, but in 1899 he resigned in protest over the unleashing of the Boer War of 1899-1902. Davitt was an active participant in the Committee for Worker Representation. (Founded in 1900, the committee became the Labor Party in 1906.) He was sympathetic toward the revolutionary movement in Russia.

L. I. GOL’MAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Michael Davitt @spotthedog67 Family & Friends won't be back to @Tinthepark a absolute $hitehou$e of a Venue Marc Foster @marcwafoster @Tinthepark also just to let you know your no walking ain't working all that well a few are out cars I'm just waiting on someone getting hit Dale Smart @DaleSmart92 @Tinthepark whats the plan for cars getting out the car park no one can move Jules@JulesSh @Tinthepark @tourgirlsclub daughter been waiting on taxi since 12.
In a reference to Michael Davitt, of the original Land League which fought for the rights of poor Irish farmers in the 19th century, Mr Ferriter added: "Mr Davitt must be turning in his grave.
Tenders are invited for provision of cleaning and window cleaning service plus cleaning of gutters facia and soffit fittings service within the garda information services centre (gisc), michael davitt house, castlebar, co.
The dog's owner, who has asked not to be named, raised the alarm with friend Michael Davitt, who lives next to the park.
com that Creagh earned the wrath of two prominent Irishmen in 1904 for his scurrilous attacks on the Jews: Michael Davitt, the famous labor leader, and John Redmond, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party.
He kept connections to Ireland through his roles in the Land League and Home Rule movements and worked with Michael Davitt and Charles Stewart Parnell, as well as John Devoy and in the Catalpa rescue.
O'Hara's work on Michael Davitt, which spans three decades, has played an important role in addressing the concern expressed by Joe Lee in The Modernisation of Irish Society, 1848-1918 (1973) that Davitt was "the most undeservedly forgotten man in Irish history.
He held the Irish Party's seat in North Meath for several years until 1892 when, in the wake of the great split, he stood by Parnell and lost a bitter election to Michael Davitt.
Under these circumstances, Carla King's essay on the historical relationship between Hungarian 1848 revolutionary Lajos Kossuth and Michael Davitt, Gabriella Voo's work on representations of Irish literature and national character in the early twentieth-century Hungarian literary journal Nyugat, and Gabriella Hartvig's discussion of twentieth-century Hungarian sequels to Swift's Gulliver's Travels, seem to be out of place.
First, Moran initially refused to meet Irish revolutionary Michael Davitt when he came to Australia in 1895 but subsequently did so.
The same day A Tribute to Michael Davitt is at the centre at 8pm.
Michael Davitt, Executive Vice President and Managing Director of Commercial Lending, stated, "Tom brings a vast amount of knowledge and experience to our team.