Michael Davitt


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Davitt, Michael

 

Born Mar. 25, 1846, at Straide in County Mayo; died May 31, 1906, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary democrat.

The son of a small tenant farmer, Davitt began to participate actively in the Fenian movement in 1865, and in 1870 he was sentenced to 15 years of penal labor. He was freed in 1877 and kept under police surveillance. Recognizing the failure of the conspiratorial, terrorist tactics of the Fenians, he proposed combining a mass movement for agrarian reform with parliamentary and extraparliamentary struggle for national independence. In 1879, Davitt and Parnell organized the Land League. In 1890, Davitt broke with the bourgeois leaders of the movement for home rule.

Associating closely with the workers’ movement, Davitt accepted socialist ideas. He became a member of Parliament in 1895, but in 1899 he resigned in protest over the unleashing of the Boer War of 1899-1902. Davitt was an active participant in the Committee for Worker Representation. (Founded in 1900, the committee became the Labor Party in 1906.) He was sympathetic toward the revolutionary movement in Russia.

L. I. GOL’MAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Dyna ddysgais i wedi bod yn amgueddfa Michael Davitt yn Swydd Mayo, Gorllewin Iwerddon.
Which Irish agrarian organisation was formed by Michael Davitt in 1879?
Paraphrasing the patriot Michael Davitt, Mr Kenny concluded: "To all my friends I leave kind thoughts, to others I express my fullest forgiveness and to Ireland my undying prayer for absolute freedom and independence which it has always been my ambition to achieve for her.
Subsequent tours by Michael Davitt in 1880 and 1882 (unlike Parnell, Davitt reached California) greatly expanded the membership and impact of the League (60-64, 185-188).
His narrative shows how the founding of the Irish National Land League in Dublin in October 1879, the American tours of Charles Stewart Parnell in early 1880 and, a few months later, that of Michael Davitt, founder of the original Land League of County Mayo, were the catalysts for establishing an American Land League movement that eventually drew broad support from Irish Americans, irrespective of social class, gender, or their diverse political views on the legitimacy of physical force to achieve Irish independence.
Michael Davitt @spotthedog67 Family & Friends won't be back to @Tinthepark a absolute $hitehou$e of a Venue Marc Foster @marcwafoster @Tinthepark also just to let you know your no walking ain't working all that well a few are out cars I'm just waiting on someone getting hit Dale Smart @DaleSmart92 @Tinthepark whats the plan for cars getting out the car park no one can move Jules@JulesSh @Tinthepark @tourgirlsclub daughter been waiting on taxi since 12.
Focusing on leaders of that Greater Ireland, including Charles Stewart Parnell, Michael Davitt, and John Devoy, Janis follows the birth of the Land League, which offered unique and unprecedented opportunities for input from two important groups: working-class radicals and Irish American women.
Tenders are invited for provision of cleaning and window cleaning service plus cleaning of gutters facia and soffit fittings service within the garda information services centre (gisc), michael davitt house, castlebar, co.
The dog's owner, who has asked not to be named, raised the alarm with friend Michael Davitt, who lives next to the park.
com that Creagh earned the wrath of two prominent Irishmen in 1904 for his scurrilous attacks on the Jews: Michael Davitt, the famous labor leader, and John Redmond, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party.
He kept connections to Ireland through his roles in the Land League and Home Rule movements and worked with Michael Davitt and Charles Stewart Parnell, as well as John Devoy and in the Catalpa rescue.
He held the Irish Party's seat in North Meath for several years until 1892 when, in the wake of the great split, he stood by Parnell and lost a bitter election to Michael Davitt.