Michel Foucault


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Foucault, Michel,

1926–84, French philosopher and historian. He was professor at the Collège de France (1970–84). He is renowned for historical studies that reveal the sometimes morally disturbing power relations inherent in social practices. Influenced by NietzscheNietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm
, 1844–1900, German philosopher, b. Röcken, Prussia. The son of a clergyman, Nietzsche studied Greek and Latin at Bonn and Leipzig and was appointed to the chair of classical philology at Basel in 1869.
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, he called these studies, such as Madness and Civilization (1961, tr. 1970), "genealogies." Foucault also analyzed systems of knowledge, i.e., individual disciplines in science, such as natural history and economics. He aimed through this "archeology" of knowledge to uncover the unconscious rules guiding such systems and thereby to understand their relations to one another. See his Archeology of Knowledge (1969, tr. 1972) and The Order of Things (1966, tr. 1970). In his last writings, including the History of Sexuality, vol. 2 (1984, tr. 1985), Foucault studied what he called "ethics," namely the self's relationship to itself.

Bibliography

See biography by D. Macey (1993); P. Rabinow, ed., Essential Works of Foucault, 1954–1988 (1997–); H. L. Dreyfus and P. Rabinow, Michel Foucault (1982); R. Michel, Foucault (1985); D. R. Shumway, Michel Foucault (1992); L. McNay, Foucault: A Critical Introduction (1994); C. G. Prado, Starting with Foucault: An Introduction to Genealogy (1995, repr. 2000); S. J. Hekman, ed., Feminist Interpretations of Michel Foucault (1996); C. Horroacks and Z. Jevtic, Introducing Foucault (1997); P. Barker, Michel Foucault: An Introduction (1998); A. L. Brown, On Foucault: A Critical Introduction (2000); G. Danaher et al., Understanding Foucault (2000); K. A. Robinson, Michel Foucault and the Freedom of Thought (2001); R. M. Strozier, Foucault, Subjectivity, and Identity (2001); P. Veyne, Foucault: His Thought, His Character (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
31) Michel Foucault, "Subjectivity and Truth," The Politics of Truth, ed.
ARCHIVES AND THE EVENT OF GOD: THE IMPACT OF MICHEL FOUCAULT ON PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY.
Tomando como punto de partida la postura de Michel Foucault, el nominalismo de Nelson Goodman y la relatividad ontologica y del behaviorismo linguistico de W VO Quine, Hull estudia las alternativas contemporaneas de la re construccion del sexo y la sexualidad y cuestiona la premisa de que el conocimiento debe ser absolutamente cierto para ser valido.
In addition to reproducing the debate verbatim, The Chomsky-Foucault Debate On Human Nature includes later writings by each speaker: "Politics" (1976) and "A Philosophy of Language" (1976) by Noam Chomsky, and "Truth and Power" (1976), "Omnes et Singulatim: Toward a Critique of Political Rason" (1978) and "Confronting Government: Human Rights" (1984) by Michel Foucault.
Even the most casual reader of Michel Foucault will recognize that Geltmaker has apparently either forgotten or misunderstood one of the French theorist's most basic contributions to our knowledge of the history of sexuality: that power does not simply say "no" to pre-existing identity categories but rather plays a role in their historical emergence and proliferation.
With others in the human sciences, they turned to the work of Michel Foucault in rethinking the categories of power and the political.
Michel Foucault, "Truth and Power" in The Foucault Reader, ed.
Cultural theorists, who include Homi Bhabha, James Clifford, Stuart Hall, Kwame Anthony Appiah, and Michel Foucault, influence the ways in which he moves from fact to interpretation.
This article explores Said's views of the contemporary French milieu, focusing on an important writer, equally open to wide-ranging interests, Michel Foucault.
The book traces a roughly chronological path through the last 150 years, from early theories of urbanity by Max Weber, Walter Benjamin, Georg Simmel and Henri Lefebvre, through the writings of Jane Jacobs and Lewis Mumford, to more recent thinking by Jurgen Habermas, Richard Sennett and Michel Foucault.
4 The History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault, Pantheon/Vintage
Writing from the position of an engaged subject formed by the epistemological regime he desires to reconstitute, Moxey invokes Michel Foucault (as well as Roland Barthes, Judith Butler, and Joan Scott), avowing that the production of knowledge originates in discursive practices that are culturally embedded and constitutive of cultural meaning.