Michoacán

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Michoacán

(mēchōäkän`), state (1990 pop. 3,548,199), 23,202 sq mi (60,093 sq km), S Mexico. MoreliaMorelia
, city (1990 pop. 489,756), capital of Michoacán state, W Mexico. It is the commercial and processing center of an irrigated agricultural and cattle-raising area.
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 is the capital. Dominated by the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental and the volcanic chain of central Mexico, Michoacán extends from the Pacific Ocean northeastward into the central plateau. The Lerma River and Lake Chapala form part of its northern boundary with Jalisco; the Río de las Balsas marks the southern border with Guerrero. The climate and soil variations caused by topography and varying elevation make Michoacán a diverse agricultural state, producing temperate and tropical cereals, fruits, and vegetables. The forests yield fine cabinet woods and dyewoods. Mining is a leading industry; gold and silver are most important, but iron, coal, and zinc are also major minerals. Industrial development is modest, centering around iron and steel production. Michoacán, having no important Pacific port, ships its products from the cities of Morelia and Uruapan. Federally sponsored irrigation and hydroelectric power projects have aimed at developing the coastal region, and a reforestation program was instituted in the mountains in the 1990s, where (along the Mexico state border) monarch butterflies overwinter. Lake Pátzcuaro (where UNESCO and the Organization of American States have a training center for Latin American rural teachers) and the Paricutín volcano attract many tourists. Most of the state's inhabitants are native TarascansTarascan
, Native Americans of the state of Michoacán, Mexico. Their language has no known relation to other languages, and their history prior to the 16th cent. is poorly understood.
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; in recent years the state has seen a large outmigration to the United States. Michoacán played a leading role in Mexico's revolution against Spain and in subsequent struggles. In the early 21st cent., the state was the scene of drug-related violence and of anti-drug-cartel vigilante movements.

Michoacán

 

a state in Mexico, in the southern part of the Meseta Central, in the Lerma and Balsas basins. Area, 59,900 sq km. Population, 2,324,000 (1970). The administrative center is Morelia.

The principal branch of the economy is agriculture. Cotton, sugarcane, peanuts, and vegetables are grown on irrigated land, and tropical fruits are cultivated along the lower reaches of the Balsas. Around Uruapan there are coffee plantations, and maize and beans are raised in the hills. There is fishing in lakes Chapala, Pátzcuaro, and Cuitzeo. Michoacán has food-processing, wood-products, and textile industries.

References in periodicals archive ?
With the diverse gastronomy from Michoacan at her disposal, she is able to produce uncommon foods and sauces that are easy to like.
Former President Felipe Calderon (2006-2012) and President Pena Nieto both moved aggressively against criminal organizations in Michoacan.
A leader of one of the local vigilante groups that sprang up last year in Michoacan to challenge the cartel's control told a radio station after hearing about the tweet that people in the area knew the Knights Templar gang was involved in organ trafficking because several children had been rescued in his town while being transported in a refrigerated container inside a van.
In parts of Michoacan locals have formed their own armed vigilante groups to fight the Knights Templar, who operate according to a pseudo-spiritual code.
You don't have to go to the United States anymore to contract this disease -- now it starts righthere," said the second-in-command of the Michoacan office of the national AIDS-prevention campaign.
In other news, exploration agreements were signed for additional southern Michoacan properties that are adjacent to the El Diamante and La Paz concessions, which are located near the southern Pacific coast.
The saga of corrupt governments in the Michoacan statehouse took another interesting twist when Gov.
APATZINGAN, Mexico -- Vigilantes who have challenged the government's authority in lawless Michoacan state held onto their guns on Wednesday as federal authorities struggled to rein in a monster they helped create: citizen militias that rose among farmers and lime-pickers to fight a drug cartel.
CLASHES across the violence-plagued Mexican state of Michoacan have killed at least 20 gunmen and two federal police officers, the government said.
Morelia, Mexico, Ramadan 14, 1434, Jul 23, 2013, SPA - Mexican authorities say at least five people died when gunmen opened fire on a group of community self-defense members gathered on a plaza in the western state of Michoacan.
The Company recently announced to shareholders a change in business focus towards the mining industry and that it had signed an Letter of Intent to purchase a 100% interest in the Jovita Mine & 40 ton per day copper mill, located in Michoacan, Mexico.
The move comes on the heels of the resignation of 16 police in neighboring Michoacan state.