albumin

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Related to Microalbumin: creatinine, Microalbuminuria

albumin

(ălbyo͞o`mən) [Lat.,=white of egg], member of a class of water-soluble, heat-coagulating proteinsprotein,
any of the group of highly complex organic compounds found in all living cells and comprising the most abundant class of all biological molecules. Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.
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. Albumins are widely distributed in plant and animal tissues, e.g., ovalbumin of egg, myogen of muscle, serum albumin of blood, lactalbumin of milk, legumelin of peas, and leucosin of wheat. Separation of serum albumins from other blood proteins can be carried out by electrophoresis or by fractional precipitation with various salts. Albumins normally constitute about 55% of the plasma proteins. They adhere chemically to various substances in the blood, e.g., amino acids, and thus play a role in their transport. Albumins and other proteins of the blood aid significantly in regulating the distribution of water and maintenance of proper osmotic pressure in the body. Albumins are also used in textile printing, in the fixation of dyes, in sugar refining, and in other important processes.

Albumin

A type of globular protein that is characterized by its solubility in water and in 50% saturated aqueous ammonium sulfate. Albumins are present in mammalian tissues, bacteria, molds, and plants, and in some foods. Serum albumin, which contains 584 amino acid residues, is the most abundant protein in human serum, and it performs two very important physiological functions. It is responsible for about 80% of the total osmotic regulation in blood, and it transports fatty acids from adipose tissue to muscle. When excessive amounts of albumin are found in the urine upon clinical examination, some form of kidney disease is usually indicated. Another important albumin, ovalbumin, is found in egg white. This protein is about two-thirds the size of serum albumin, and it contains sugar residues in addition to amino acid residues (that is, it is a glycoprotein). See Protein

albumin

[‚al′byü·mən]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of plant and animal proteins which are soluble in water, dilute salt solutions, and 50% saturated ammonium sulfate.

albumin

, albumen
any of a group of simple water-soluble proteins that are coagulated by heat and are found in blood plasma, egg white, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ImmunoDip microalbumin test which was awarded the Medical Design Excellence Award and is covered by two patents is packaged in boxes of 25 individually foil sealed tests.
Percent of Responses as Basis of Quality Control Policy Manufacturers' CLIA or State Waived Test Recommendations Regulations Hemoglobin 52 22 Microalbumin 40 27 Occult blood 53 24 Hematocrit 10 44 Urinalysis 25 48 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 13 33 Pregnancy test, urine 35 41 Streptococcus antigen 39 40
Completing preventive care services such as the A1C Test, Microalbumin and FOBT is an important measure in the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) which provides information on the performance of America's health plans.
We also found similar results when examining the dependent variable microalbumin.
Of these, only CRP, PAI-1, von Willebrand factor, and microalbumin are commonly available through the major laboratories in the US.
Prothrombin Time, or Microalbumin and make decisions during the same visit.
Microalbumin was measured after a 24-hour urine collection using a nephelometric immunoassay (normal range, 0-29 mg per 24 h).
You increase her lisinopril, obtain a urinary microalbumin, and set her up for an examination by an ophthalmologist.
Urinary microalbumin excretion is an established marker of early diabetic nephropathy and an indicator of early glomerular dysfunctions (3).
2] Hypertriglyceridemia TGs > 150 mg/dL TGs >150 mg/dL Hypercholesterolemia HDL < 35 mg/dL [male] HDL < 40 mg/dL [male] (with decreased HDL) HDL < 39 mg/dL [female] HDL < 50 mg/dL [female] Hypertension > 140/90 mm Hg > 130/85 mm Hg Other factors: > 20 [micro]g/min Not included in family history,age, microalbumin or definition sex, ethnicity, albumin/creatinine proteinuria > 20 mg/g Diagnostic Diabetes, IGT, IFG, or Three or more of the Requirements IRS and two or more of above factors included above Symptom AACE Hyperglycemia IFG (FG >110-125 mg/dL) 2 hr OGTT glucose level > 140 mg/dL Insulin resistance IFG or IGT, Insulin resistance is, assumed but DM2 is not included Abdominal Obesity BMI > 25 kg/[m.
Differences reached statistical significance for dilated retinal exam, microalbumin testing, lipid screening, and tobacco use.