disinfectant

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disinfectant,

agent that destroys disease-causing microorganisms and their spores. Disinfectants, or germicides, are sometimes considered to be substances applied to inanimate bodies, whereas antisepticsantiseptic,
agent that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms on the external surfaces of the body. Antiseptics should generally be distinguished from drugs such as antibiotics that destroy microorganisms internally, and from disinfectants, which destroy microorganisms
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, not so potent, are agents that kill microbes on living things. Mercuric chloride, carbolic acid (phenol), and chlorinated lime and other chlorine releasing compounds are disinfectants used on contaminated objects. Formaldehyde and some other disinfectants suitable for use in sprays are also used as deodorants and as airborne disinfectants, or fumigants, in large enclosed spaces. Certain substances such as mercury toluene sulfonanilide are used for disinfecting seeds to protect against soilborne plant diseases. Some disinfectants, especially chlorine and chlorine compounds, are also used as preservatives for leather and other materials. In weaker solutions some disinfecting chemicals may be used on the skin. Disinfection of contaminated objects can also be accomplished by boiling, where appropriate.

disinfectant

[‚dis·ən′fek·tənt]
(materials)
A chemical agent that destroys microorganisms but not bacterial spores.

disinfectant

an agent that destroys or inhibits the activity of microorganisms that cause disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Laboratory test results will indicate a dosage range within which the microbiocide can control bacterial growth; plant conditions will indicate where in that range to begin treatment.
We believe BBJ MicroBiocide would prove effective in preventing this from happening.
BBJ MicroBiocide, an EPA registered product, is highly effective in inhibiting the re-growth of a broad spectrum of microorganisms such as bacteria, mold and fungi from growing in HVAC/R systems.
If present, they are usually controlled easily with microbiocides.
Development of novel chemotherapeutic approaches, other than microbiocides, that disrupt the establishment structure and virulence of dental biofilms could be a promising route to prevent or reduce the pathogenesis of oral infectious diseases such as dental caries.
org The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trial Partnership (EDCTP) aims to accelerate the development of new or improved drugs, vaccines and microbiocides against HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis--through capacity building for clinical trials.
Our researchers have been involved in many of the latest breakthroughs in HIV, including early treatment for infants (CHER), the use of treatment as prevention (HPTN052) and microbiocides (CAPRISA 004).
Even with the addition of microbiocides and a good chemical treatment program algae and bacteria can be problematic.
5] patented compounds of the general molecular formular X(Y)NCSSZ, where X is hydrogen or alkyl group, Y is hydrogen, alkyl or aryl group and Z is metallic in nature, and thiuram disulfide derivatives, as fungicides, bactericides and microbiocides.
Additional solutions offered by Dow for oil and gas exploration and production include: Hyperlast flow assurance insulation systems, Aqucar Water Treatment Microbiocides and Dow Filmtec SR90 nanofiltration membranes.
Other biomedical advances must be encouraged and funded, such as vaginal and rectal microbiocides, and pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis.
The vast majority of industrial treatment system use chemical microbiocides.

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