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The local, rather uniform climate of a specific place or habitat, compared with the climate of the entire area of which it is a part.


Localized climate conditions within an urban area or building.



climate of the ground layer of air resulting from small-scale differences in the earth’s surface within a local climate. For example, a distinction is made in the local climate of a forest area between the microclimate of forest glades and the edges of forests and in the local climate of a city between the microclimate of squares, side streets, public gardens, and yards. Differences in the microclimate diminish rapidly with distance from the earth’s surface. They are also largely dependent on the weather, increasing in fair, calm weather and leveling out in overcast weather, in the absence of insolation, and when it is windy. Study of the microclimate requires the organization of a dense network of random meteorological observations and the comparison of these observations with the readings of a permanent basic weather station characterizing the corresponding local climate. Microclimatic surveys from motor vehicles are widely used. The peculiarities of the microclimate must be taken into account when positioning crops or moving them into new areas, when engaging in various types of land reclamation, in industrial and civilian construction, and so forth.


Sapozhnikova, S. A. Mikroklimat i mestnyi klimat. Leningrad, 1950.
Geiger, R. Klimat prizemnogo sloia vozdukha. [2nd ed.] Moscow, 1960. (Translated from English.)
Mikroklimat SSSR. Leningrad, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Christine Sheppard, an organic farmer in Hawaii, says she has learned a great deal about her microclimate through local seed swaps.
Secondly, the book examines the thermal comfort of individuals outdoors, stressing that elements in the urban microclimate that impact human thermal comfort should influence the design of urban spaces.
CANOPY MICROCLIMATE is a result of interactions among prevailing climatic conditions and canopy density and structure.
The day after the data was downloaded, a discussion began that included factors which the students thought would influence the distribution of local microclimates.
But every garden also harbors a number of microclimates that make a world of difference to plants: the chill air that helps set buds on an apple tree can freeze orange blossoms.
Three different microclimates were simulated in incubators at 50, 70, and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
That's not surprising, given that Costa Rica's diverse microclimates are home to 5% of the 20,000 species known to man.
The topics might range from city microclimates to improved communication between forecasters and city workers who need to prepare for weather emergencies.
Too much has been written about society and too little about the saints themselves (and the microclimates in which they and their supporters lived and worked).
The 20-acre vineyard is very hilly, creating various microclimates that require close and constant monitoring to ensure that the proper amount of water and other inputs are provided for each area.
While Western microclimates are pronounced, they offer a model for any homeowner to contemplate.