Micronesians

(redirected from Micronesian)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Micronesian: Melanesian

Micronesians

 

a group of related peoples, including the Trukese and Ponapeans of the Caroline Islands, the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands, the Marshallese, and the Nauruans. Numbering more than 200,000 persons (1970, estimate), they constitute the basic population of Micronesia. In addition, some 4,000 Micronesians live in Melanesia. Anthropologically, Micronesians represent a mixture of Melanesians, Polynesians, and Indonesians. Cultural affinities also link the Micronesians with these peoples; the culture of western Micronesia is more akin to that of Indonesia, and eastern Micronesia’s culture is closer to that of Polynesia. Micronesians speak languages of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. They are Christians, mainly Protestants, but retain many traditional beliefs.

The principal occupations are fishing and the growing of fruit trees, mainly coconut palms. Agriculture is poorly developed, especially on the small atolls. Before the invasion by the colonialists in the 16th and 17th centuries, land was controlled by the clan aristocracy. On certain islands class relations had been evolving. Trade was well developed, with shells and stone disks (on Yap) serving as money. The rule of the colonialists caused a sharp decline in the Micronesian population. As early as the 17th century the indigenous population in the Mariana Islands was almost completely exterminated, and those who survived intermarried with later immigrants. The Micronesians are struggling for national liberation. In 1968 the island of Nauru became an independent state.

REFERENCES

Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Puchkov, P. I. Naselenie Okeanii. Moscow, 1967.
Coulter, J. W. The Pacific Dependencies of the United States. New York,
1957.

D. D. TUMARKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Members of our community consider all Micronesians brothers and sisters, and we are happy to share this unique tradition in bridging the distance," said Brig.
Several avian species involved in this case management were managed cooperatively via Species Survival Plans of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and were recommended to produce offspring for transfer to other institutions, including the Bali mynahs, blue-crowned motmots, black-necked stilts, blue-crowned laughing thrush, blue-grey tanagers, lesser green broadbills, white-headed buffalo weavers, Cape thick-knee, fairy bluebirds, golden-breasted starlings, laughing kookaburra, Micronesian kingfishers, red-billed leothrix, green-naped pheasant pigeons, and sunbittern.
The Micronesian states use the currencies of either Australia or the United States, whereas the Melanesian and Polynesian states have their own currencies.
Occasionally, Carolinians, another Micronesian people, also visited Guam's shores for trade, as they did in the pre-contact era.
The typhoon, named Guchol -- meaning "turmeric" in a Micronesian language, -- packing winds of up to 180 kilometres per hour, was projected to move over Honshu, including Tokyo, overnight and go out into the Pacific again Wednesday morning, the agency said.
Palau to Host Annual Shark Week from March 3 to 10 The Micronesian Shark Foundation will be holding its 11th annual Shark Week event at Fish On Fins dive shop in Palau on March 3 to 10, 2013.
Gaia's Dream is the world's largest sail-powered proa, a traditional Micronesian design consisting of two unequal-length hulls that must change direction upon tacking (or 'shunting' to use the correct proa lingo).
Adding to Marooned on Mogynog's enigma, though, is the light dusting of controversy surrounding the veracity of the Barrie's account and the circumstances in which they ended up playing Robinson Crusoe on a remote Micronesian atoll.
I look like the Micronesian women I see in the thrift store wearing long colorful skirts, same as their daughters, who run to the back of the store looking for toys while the mothers rummage through tables of spatulas and spoons looking for a perfect fit.
In the article Hansen Disease among Micronesian and Marshallese Persons Living in the United States (P.
Foreign and Micronesian women and girls in prostitution and foreign men on fishing vessels in Micronesian waters are particularly vulnerable to trafficking.
The animals included in the book are The Leadbeater's Possum, Guam Micronesian Kingfisher, Kakapo parrot from New Zealand, Numbat from Western Australia (my favourite), Snow Leopard from Central Asia, Red Ruffed Lemur from Madagascar, Black Footed Ferret from North America, the Red Breasted Goose from Russia, the Idaho Ground Squirrel and the California Sea Otter.