Micronesians

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Micronesians

 

a group of related peoples, including the Trukese and Ponapeans of the Caroline Islands, the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands, the Marshallese, and the Nauruans. Numbering more than 200,000 persons (1970, estimate), they constitute the basic population of Micronesia. In addition, some 4,000 Micronesians live in Melanesia. Anthropologically, Micronesians represent a mixture of Melanesians, Polynesians, and Indonesians. Cultural affinities also link the Micronesians with these peoples; the culture of western Micronesia is more akin to that of Indonesia, and eastern Micronesia’s culture is closer to that of Polynesia. Micronesians speak languages of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. They are Christians, mainly Protestants, but retain many traditional beliefs.

The principal occupations are fishing and the growing of fruit trees, mainly coconut palms. Agriculture is poorly developed, especially on the small atolls. Before the invasion by the colonialists in the 16th and 17th centuries, land was controlled by the clan aristocracy. On certain islands class relations had been evolving. Trade was well developed, with shells and stone disks (on Yap) serving as money. The rule of the colonialists caused a sharp decline in the Micronesian population. As early as the 17th century the indigenous population in the Mariana Islands was almost completely exterminated, and those who survived intermarried with later immigrants. The Micronesians are struggling for national liberation. In 1968 the island of Nauru became an independent state.

REFERENCES

Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Puchkov, P. I. Naselenie Okeanii. Moscow, 1967.
Coulter, J. W. The Pacific Dependencies of the United States. New York,
1957.

D. D. TUMARKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
3) Micronesian Area Research Centre, University of Guam, Mangilao, GU 96923, USA
Occasionally, Carolinians, another Micronesian people, also visited Guam's shores for trade, as they did in the pre-contact era.
Observations of migrants and other birds in Palau, April-May 2005, including the first Micronesian record of a Richard's Pipit.
Subsequent invasions by Fijians and Tongans introduced Melanesian and Polynesian elements to the Micronesian culture, but extensive intermarriage has produced a population reasonably homogeneous in appearance and traditions.
Fanapi, which means "small atoll islands" in Micronesian, is expected to hit the south coast of China on Monday.
For many small island territories or nations, especially for those making up the Micronesian islands, they share a number of challenging tourism issues.
Kosrae is a Micronesian tropical island offering a selection of diving, fishing, jungle trekking and cultural exploration for eco-travellers.
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Mitchell made the remarks when answering questions from lawmakers about calls from Guam to review the existing plan to move Marines from Okinawa to the Micronesian island over concerns about a shortage of funds for building the necessary infrastructures.
Micronesian island Pohnpei has a banana (called Utin Llap), packed with beta-carotene, for nstance.
The flights will also offer convenient connections from the US mainland, Japan, and ContinentalOs Micronesian network to Nadi.
The Guam Micronesian kingfisher is thought to be extinct in the wild following the introduction of the brown tree snake.