Micronesians


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Related to Micronesians: Polynesians, Melanesians

Micronesians

 

a group of related peoples, including the Trukese and Ponapeans of the Caroline Islands, the Chamorros of the Mariana Islands, the Marshallese, and the Nauruans. Numbering more than 200,000 persons (1970, estimate), they constitute the basic population of Micronesia. In addition, some 4,000 Micronesians live in Melanesia. Anthropologically, Micronesians represent a mixture of Melanesians, Polynesians, and Indonesians. Cultural affinities also link the Micronesians with these peoples; the culture of western Micronesia is more akin to that of Indonesia, and eastern Micronesia’s culture is closer to that of Polynesia. Micronesians speak languages of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. They are Christians, mainly Protestants, but retain many traditional beliefs.

The principal occupations are fishing and the growing of fruit trees, mainly coconut palms. Agriculture is poorly developed, especially on the small atolls. Before the invasion by the colonialists in the 16th and 17th centuries, land was controlled by the clan aristocracy. On certain islands class relations had been evolving. Trade was well developed, with shells and stone disks (on Yap) serving as money. The rule of the colonialists caused a sharp decline in the Micronesian population. As early as the 17th century the indigenous population in the Mariana Islands was almost completely exterminated, and those who survived intermarried with later immigrants. The Micronesians are struggling for national liberation. In 1968 the island of Nauru became an independent state.

REFERENCES

Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Puchkov, P. I. Naselenie Okeanii. Moscow, 1967.
Coulter, J. W. The Pacific Dependencies of the United States. New York,
1957.

D. D. TUMARKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
At the core of the story Hezel tells is his assertion that as a consequence of having been exposed to 'acculturative forces they never really understood', Micronesians 'came to be strangers in their own land' (xiv).
The simple fact is, much of Micronesian cultural life is organized around concepts of hierarchical rank, and many of those who are without public title to high rank nevertheless nurture private claims to it.
In the 2010 Census, other Micronesians are 10 percent of the local population, and make up one-fourth of the foreign-born population on Guam (Bureau of Statistics and Plans 2012a.
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Ethnic groups: Nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups.
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Habele is a US-based charity that awards scholarships to Micronesian students each fall.
Micronesians can freely live and work in the United States without visas, and have the right to enlist in the U.
Because there is very little that can be grown locally, Micronesians depend mostly on imported goods, which can be very expensive, Mr.
Micronesian nations, as well as many Polynesian and Melanesian ones, regularly support almost any resolutions proposed by the United States.
The bonds of clanship+ weaving lineages together, permit individual Micronesians and their lineages to depend on the people of other communities and islands for aid .
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