Middle East

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Middle East,

term traditionally applied by western Europeans to the countries of SW Asia and NE Africa lying W of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Thus defined it includes Cyprus, the Asian part of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the countries of the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait), and Egypt and Libya. The area was viewed as midway between Europe and East Asia (traditionally called the Far EastFar East,
in the most restricted sense, region comprising the countries of E Asia, namely China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, and Taiwan, and the easternmost portion of Russian Siberia (see Russian Far East).
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). The term is sometimes used in a cultural sense to mean the group of lands in that part of the world predominantly Islamic in culture, thus including the remaining states of N Africa as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the 20th cent. the Middle East has been the scene of political turmoil and major warfare, including World War I, World War II, the Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 and the Persian Gulf WarsPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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.

Middle East

 

the conventional name for the area of Western Asia between Europe and Pakistan. On occasion, especially in English and American literature, the term “Middle East” is interchangeable with the term “Near East.” More often, however, it refers to the countries of the Near East together with Iran and Afghanistan. For the most part, therefore, “Middle East” is not used by itself but as part of the term “Near and Middle East.”

Middle East

1. (loosely) the area around the E Mediterranean, esp Israel and the Arab countries from Turkey to North Africa and eastwards to Iran
2. (formerly) the area extending from the Tigris and Euphrates to Myanmar
References in periodicals archive ?
Ultimately it comes back to Israel, a nation that defies the continuous cries from the United Nations to abide by international law, to heed the decisions of the International Court, to accept the efforts of the UN to investigate its actions so the rule of law can prevail, to see that force is not the way to peace in the mid-east, that subjugation of the people of Palestine rings from Lebanon to Algeria like a knell awakening the world to the suffering imposed on those shackled by the Eurocentric colonial mind of the 19th century.
The population growth rate for the UAE is below the regional average, due in part to a birth rate of 16 per thousand inhabitants, which is lower than the average of 20 per thousand for the Mid-East.
The Intifada was not the only development which weakened the Jordanian monarchy prior to the Mid-East peace negotiations.
We're able to improve our community in a way that provides increased budget flexibility," said Marc Recko, executive director of the Washington Housing Authority & Mid-East Regional Housing Authority.
for the past four decades, the ones who have failed to bring peace to the mid-east because they have "unbridled loyalty to Israel.
She also revealed the Mid-East Aviation Academy will hold a first-of-its-kind summer camp to encourage young people to take an interest in aviation.
This interregional initiative is the only of its kind, and is very timely considering recent investments and partnerships between the Mid-East and Latin America.
A confluence of news stories emerged this past week that, if related, shed an unusual light on the deteriorating crisis in the mid-east, most especially on Palestine and Iran.
MIAMI, January 12 /PRNewswire/ -- On April 26 and 27, LatinFinance will hold the 2nd Latin America Mid-East Investors Forum (LA-MEIF) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Summary: Leviton is pleased to announce the appointment of Ramzi Nassif to lead the company's expansion into the Mid-East.
Sean was the most popular name in the Midlands, Dublin and the Mid-East while Jack was more popular along the border, the West, the Mid-West, the South-East and the South-West.
WHO: Mark Hogan, GM Group Vice President and President of e-GM; Frederick "Fritz" Henderson, GM Group Vice President and President of GM Latin America, Africa, Mid-East Region; Farid Anabtawi, Director of e-GM and e-Commerce, GM do Brasil

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