Middelburg

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Middelburg

(mĭd`əlbûrgh'), city (1994 pop. 40,118), capital of Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the former island of WalcherenWalcheren
, region, Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the North Sea at the entrance to the Scheldt estuary. Middelburg is the chief city and is also the capital of Zeeland prov. Vlissingen is also important.
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. It is a manufacturing and tourist center. Chartered in 1217, Middelburg developed into an important medieval trade center. The last Spanish fortress in Zeeland, it was captured (1574) by the Beggars of the Sea (see GueuxGueux
[Fr.,=beggars], 16th-century Dutch revolutionary party. In 1566 more than 2,000 Dutch and Flemish nobles and burghers (both Protestants and Roman Catholics) signed a document—the so-called Compromise of Breda—by which they bound themselves in solemn oath to
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). Although heavily damaged in World War II and flooded in 1953, Middelburg retains many beautiful old buildings, including a 12th-century abbey and the 16th-century town hall.

Middelburg

a city in the SW Netherlands, capital of Zeeland province, on Walcheren Island: an important trading centre in the Middle Ages and member of the Hanseatic League; 12th-century abbey; market town. Pop.: 46 000 (2003 est.)