Midian

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Related to Midianite: Mennonite, Moab, Moses

Midian

(mĭd`ēən) or

Midianites

(–īts), in the Bible, a nomadic Bedouin people of N Arabia in what is S Jordan. They were associated with the Moabites and the Israelites. Moses took refuge with them and married the daughter of their priest Jethro. They were defeated by the Hebrews after they gave refuge to Balaam, whose advice to the Midianites led to the disastrous Baal-peorBaal-peor
, in the Bible, local divinity (the Baal) of Peor. According to the Book of Numbers, the Hebrews stayed at Shittim during the wilderness wanderings. While there, Hebrew men had sexual relationships with the local Moabite women.
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 incident. The defeat of the Midianites by Gideon became the precedent for God's final victory over his enemies. In the Acts of the Apostles, they are called Madian.

Midian

Old Testament
1. a son of Abraham (Genesis 25:1--2)
2. a nomadic nation claiming descent from him
References in periodicals archive ?
25:1-9), there is an account of Israelite men consorting with Moabite and Midianite women who induced them to worship their idol, Baal-Peor.
Gideon looks down on the valley with its swarm of Midianite people and livestock; with its massive professional army.
Stranger still is the fact that Mendenhall makes no mention of the so-called Midianite pottery that does appear in the Arabian Peninsula, for example, at Qurayya, and as far northeast as southern Jordan.
The dating of the Midianite ware is still problematic since although it starts as early as the fourteenth century the evidence for the end of the production of this pottery is not yet well defined.
Even so, only a Divine miracle could bring defeat of the massive Midianite alliance ranged against them.
Still eager to improve on a 3,000-year-old story directed by God, DreamWorks introduces the Midianite love-interest Zipporah much earlier, as a fiery prisoner of war presented to Moses as a sex slave -- enabling our New Age hero to show his good character by allowing her to escape.
Some time later, Moses had all Midianite boys and nonvirgin women slain--the army officers could keep the virgins for themselves (Num.
9) The description of Moses' wife as an Ethiopian seems to be something of an anomaly in the biblical account, as the only wife of his previously mentioned in the Pentateuch is Zipporah, a Midianite (Exodus ii.
In each case Jethro's identity as a Midianite is mentioned to emphasize and reinforce his status as an outsider and (in Ex.
And killing off all non-virgin women ensures that none survive who might be pregnant with Midianite children.
6:13, which portrays Gideon as reacting to the Midianite ascendaqncy by asking: "If YHWH is with us, why has all this befallen us?
Phinehas was a priest who found one of the most prominent Israelite chiefs having illicit sex with a Midianite princess.