Midian

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Related to Midianites: Gideon, Zipporah, Keturah

Midian

(mĭd`ēən) or

Midianites

(–īts), in the Bible, a nomadic Bedouin people of N Arabia in what is S Jordan. They were associated with the Moabites and the Israelites. Moses took refuge with them and married the daughter of their priest Jethro. They were defeated by the Hebrews after they gave refuge to Balaam, whose advice to the Midianites led to the disastrous Baal-peorBaal-peor
, in the Bible, local divinity (the Baal) of Peor. According to the Book of Numbers, the Hebrews stayed at Shittim during the wilderness wanderings. While there, Hebrew men had sexual relationships with the local Moabite women.
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 incident. The defeat of the Midianites by Gideon became the precedent for God's final victory over his enemies. In the Acts of the Apostles, they are called Madian.

Midian

Old Testament
1. a son of Abraham (Genesis 25:1--2)
2. a nomadic nation claiming descent from him
References in periodicals archive ?
They may have learned to honor Yahweh from the Midianites.
Well at least Gideon can form them into some type of sleuthing guerilla group that could slink underground in small groups of two or three and begin to assassinate the Midianites one by one with shards of glass from their pitchers.
Gideon, resentful at laboring for the Midianites, waited for some prompting from his heart, to tell him what he should do to assert his honor and that of Israel.
Later in the Book of Numbers, the Lord told Moses to ovex the Midianites and smite themo.
Philosopher Peter Singer, in One World: the Ethics of Globalization, offers an answer using the Bible story of how Moses, in Numbers 31:1-18, makes war for no apparent reason against the Midianites, burning all their cities and killing all the adults and male children.
Next comes the following declaration: "That this proto-Arabic population was also in close contact with the Anatolian populations is proven by the fact that this group, which can be identified with the Midianites, consisted of five members of a confederation (Num.
Although the seventh commandment states, "Thou shalt not kill," Satan points out that God Himself, the so-called "Father of Mercy," has brought about wholesale death, for example all the innocent men, women and children when he sent the floods, or when He commanded Moses to kill the Midianites .
The murder of the Canaanites and Midianites are two good examples.
After his calling by the angel of God, the biblical Gideon raises an army of 32,000 Israelites to defeat their oppressive enemies, the Midianites.
Thomas Morell fashioned the libretto: it shows the strain of being fitted to existing music, and recounts, without much narrative vigour, how Gideon defeated the Midianites and then persuaded the grateful Israelites to turn away from Baal and back to God.
Hence, the celebration in the oracle that follows, akin to the joy of a bountiful harvest and lustful abandon at the spoils of war, examples of the safe and abundant life enjoyed by God's people as their oppressors are defeated--a point reinforced by the recollection of their deliverance from the Midianites under the leadership of Gideon.
On the contrary, we read that the Midianites took him out of the pit and sold him to the Ishmaelites who, in turn, brought Joseph to Egypt and sold him into slavery there.