Midway


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Related to Midway: Battle of Midway

Midway,

island group (2 sq mi/5.2 sq km), central Pacific, c.1,150 mi (1,850 km) NW of Honolulu, comprising Sand and Eastern islands with the surrounding atoll. Discovered by Americans in 1859, Midway was annexed in 1867. A cable station was opened in 1903. In 1935, Midway became a commercial air station of Pan American Airways, and in 1941 a U.S. naval base was opened. The last navy facilities on the island closed in 1993. In 1996 the islands were transferred from the U.S. Navy to U.S. Dept. of the Interior, which manages them as a national wildlife refuge. The battle of Midway (June 3–6, 1942), one of the decisive Allied victories of World War II, involved the island but mainly occurred between opposing fleets at sea. Fought mostly with aircraft, it resulted in the destruction of four Japanese aircraft carriers, crippling the Japanese navy.

Bibliography

See C. L. Symonds, The Battle of Midway (2011).

Midway

 

a coral atoll in the Pacific Ocean, in the northwestern group of the Hawaiian Islands. It arose on the basalt foundation of an extinct volcano. The lagoon of the atoll contains several tiny islands; the two largest—Sand Island and Eastern Island—have an area of 5.2 sq km. Population, 2,000 (1968). Midway is a stopover point on the air route between the USA and the countries of Asia. Sand Island has a trans-Pacific cable station, an airfield, and a lighthouse.

During World War II a battle took place near Midway on June 4—6, 1942, between a large Japanese shock unit (including 11 battleships, six aircraft carriers with 293 planes, 16 cruisers, and 53 destroyers), which was attempting to capture the US base of operations at Midway, and an American fleet (three aircraft carriers with 243 planes, eight cruisers, and 14 destroyers). In fighting the American carrier aircraft, the Japanese lost four carriers, one cruiser, and 253 planes and were forced to retreat. As a result, the Japanese Navy lost its superiority in aircraft carriers. The Americans lost one carrier, one destroyer, and 150 planes.

Midway

site of decisive battle between Japanese and Americans in WWII (1942). [Am. Hist.: EB, VI: 877–878]
See: Battle

Midway

decisive American victory over Japanese in WWII (1942). [Am. Hist.: Fuller, III, 470–477]
References in classic literature ?
Then he fell into such unaccountable fits of meditation, with his fork midway between his plate and his mouth; had his eyes attracted in such strange directions; was afflicted with such remarkable coughs; sat so far from the table, and dropped so much more than he ate, and pretended that he hadn't dropped it; that I was heartily glad when Herbert left us for the city.
The sky was clear, the sun midway down the western sky; long waves, capped by the breeze with froth, were running with us.
I found a groove ripped in it, about midway between the pedestal of the sphinx and the marks of my feet where, on arrival, I had struggled with the overturned machine.
Such of my readers as have made a pedestrian excursion to the south of France may perchance have noticed, about midway between the town of Beaucaire and the village of Bellegarde, -- a little nearer to the former than to the latter, -- a small roadside inn, from the front of which hung, creaking and flapping in the wind, a sheet of tin covered with a grotesque representation of the Pont du Gard.
It held a dove in its talons, and the feathers, as it tore them off, {138} fell to the ground midway between Telemachus and the ship.
Had a wanderer, bewildered in the melancholy forest, heard their mirth, and stolen a half-affrighted glance, he might have fancied them the crew of Comus, some already transformed to brutes, some midway between man and beast, and the others rioting in the flow of tipsy jollity that foreran the change.
I doubt whether Eustace did not internally pronounce the whole thing a bore, until I led him to my predecessor's little ruined, rustic summer house, midway on the hillside.
A small party of Indians now advanced, bearing the pipe of peace; they were met by an equal number of white men, and they formed a group midway between the two bands, where the pipe was circulated from hand to hand, and smoked with all due ceremony.
Others held a midway position, sometimes watching the group at the grave, sometimes listening to the conversation of the farmers, who stood in a knot near the church door, and were now joined by Martin Poyser, while his family passed into the church.
A spark of gold glistened on the line between water and air, floated up, approached, enlarged, changed; the object hung midway between heaven and earth, under the arch of the rainbow; the soft but dusk clouds diffused behind.
She lashed her horses, and they flew forward nothing loth midway betwixt earth and sky.
I several times met with very aged men, who from this cause had never passed the confines of their native vale, some of them having never even ascended midway up the mountains in the whole course of their lives, and who, accordingly had little idea of the appearance of any other part of the island, the whole of which is not perhaps more than sixty miles in circuit.