migraine

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Related to Migraine headaches: Cluster Headaches

migraine

(mī`grān), headache characterized by recurrent attacks of severe pain, usually on one side of the head. It may be preceded by flashes or spots before the eyes or a ringing in the ears, and accompanied by double vision, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness. The attacks vary in frequency from daily occurrences to one every few years.

Migraine affects women three times as often as men and is frequently inherited. Many disturbances, such as allergy, temporary swelling of the brain, and endocrine disturbances, have been suspected of causing some varieties of the disorder. Although the exact cause is unknown, evidence suggests a genetically transmitted functional disturbance of cranial circulation. The pain is believed to be associated with constriction followed by dilation of blood vessels leading to and within the brain.

Untreated attacks may last for many hours. Mild attacks are often relieved by common sedatives such as aspirin or codeine. Severe attacks may be treated with any of a variety of drugs, including a group called triptans, by injection or in the form of pills or nasal sprays. Certain beta-blockers, antiepileptic drugs, or tricyclic antidepressants may reduce the recurrence of migraines in some patients. Biofeedback is used in training people to recognize the warning symptoms and to practice control over the vascular dilation that initiates attacks.

Migraine

 

(also hemicrania), a condition characterized by periodic headaches, usually localized in one half of the head. Women are most often affected by migraines, and in the majority of cases there is a hereditary tendency. The condition usually begins to manifest itself during puberty.

Migraines originate with changes in the tonus of intracranial and extracranial vessels. It is conjectured that first there is a spasm in the vessels and then a decrease in their tonus. As a result, the vessels dilatate abnormally. The headache attacks are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and photophobia. Other symptoms include pallor or flushing, chilled hands and feet, weakness, shivering, and yawning. Patients usually complain of seeing bright flashes and zigzag lines; sometimes there is reduction or dimness of vision (ophthalmic migraine). Other symptoms are numbness of or tingling sensations in the extremities and, sometimes, the face and tongue. The symptomatic migraine is an indication of organic brain disease—for example, tumor, or vascular aneurysm.

Treatment entails normalization of vascular tonus, sedatives, and physical therapy.

WORKS

Davidenkov, S. N., and A. M. Godinova. “K voprosu o nozologicheskikh granitsakh migrenei.” In Ocherki klinicheskoi nevrologii, fasc. 2. [Leningrad] 1964. [Collection of works.]

V. A. KARLOV

migraine

[′mī‚grān]
(medicine)
Recurrent paroxysmal vascular headache, commonly having unilateral onset and often associated with nausea and vomiting.

migraine

a throbbing headache usually affecting only one side of the head and commonly accompanied by nausea and visual disturbances
References in periodicals archive ?
The migraine headache usually aggravated by daily activities such as walking upstairs, leads to nausea, vomiting,
Patients were included in the study if they had at least 3 migraine headache attacks or 4 migraine headache days (a headache of at least 30 minutes in duration) per month but <15 headache attacks over month during each of the previous 3 months prior to the screening visit.
The device applies an electric current to the skin and underlying body tissues to stimulate branches of the trigeminal nerve, which has been associated with migraine headaches.
The update of this meta-analysis confirms that high-dose aspirin (900-1000 mg) is an effective treatment for migraine headache in adults between the ages of 18 and 65 years.
And magnesium supplementation has now been proven to be effective at preventing migraine headaches.
He said disturbances such as sleep deprivation, too much sleep, poor quality of sleep and frequent awakening at night are also associated with both migraine and tension headaches, whereas improved sleep habits have been shown to reduce the frequency of migraine headaches.
Butterbur is also effective in reducing allergy symptoms, so if you have both migraine headaches and allergies, butterbur would be a good choice for you.
The guidelines also note that some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and complementary therapies also can help prevent migraine headache.
Pooled analyses of the data suggested that botulinum toxin A was associated with fewer headaches per month among patients with chronic daily headaches and among patients with chronic migraine headaches.
The medical texts claim the cause of migraine headache is unknown and the most common theory is a disorder of the serotonergic control system.
Likewise, when a migraine headache becomes more frequent, its pain begins to feel like that of a tension headache.
A Migraine headaches cause pulsating pain on one or both sides of the head and lead to nausea, vomiting or sensitivity to light and/or noise.