Migration Theory

Migration Theory

 

(theory of borrowing, theory of migratory plots), a theory attributing the similarity between the folklore of various peoples to the diffusion, or migration, of poetic works. The theory was universally accepted in the second half of the 19th century, when world cultural ties were growing. Among its adherents in Russia were A. N. Pypin, V. V. Stasov, V. F. Miller (in the 1890’s), and to some extent A. N. Veselovskii and I. N. Zhdanov. In Germany the migration theory was propounded by T. Benfey (its founder), R. Kohler, M. Landau, and J. Bolte; in France, by G. Paris and E. Cosquin; in England, by A. Clouston; in Italy, by A. d’Ancona and D. Comparetti; and in Czechoslovakia, by G. Polívka.

The migration theory brought much new textual material to the attention of scholars, but it dealt primarily with structural and thus limited comparisons of plots and themes. It attributed the similarity between folk works to cultural and historical influences even in instances where there was a typological similarity between phenomena of world artistic culture.

The migration theory, an approach that ignored national and historical factors in the development of folklore and literature, has become obsolete. Comparative literary scholarship provides a modern interpretation both of migratory plots and the role of literary influence.

REFERENCES

Azadovskii, M. K. Istoriia russkoi fol’kloristiki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1963.
Pypin, A. N. Istoriia russkoi etnografii, vols. 1–4. St. Petersburg, 1890–1892.
Arkhangel’skii, A. S. Vvedenie v istoriiu russkoi literatury, vol. 1. Petrograd, 1916.
Cocchiara, G. Istoriia fol’kloristiki v Evrope. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Italian.)

V. P. ANIKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
This is one of the golden rules of the migration theory.
In the early years, on a scientific conference panel of 10 researchers, there would be nine presenting on aspects of the land bridge theory and one working on a coastal migration theory.
On the other hand, the new economy of migration theory, considers the conditionings in a wide variety of markets, not just workforce (Badie and Withol, 1993: 107).
In discussions of the topic, the author touches on these subjects and more: the limits of grand migration theory, globalization, diaspora, the impacts of religion and language, tools to bridge the gaps, old and new diversities and federal governance, and grappling with ethnic differences in multicultural societies.
15 ( ANI ): The story of Kon-Tiki, a ship that sailed to prove the conventional migration theory wrong, is set to be told in a new film.
Even though Abadan-Unat does not disclose her own scientific position or offer her own compelling migration theory it is to her merit to summarize secondary independent research findings throughout her book.
The essay on migration theory reviews a March 2009 international conference on animal migration, concluding that theoretical models need to be more flexible and user-friendly to accommodate the many variables affecting the animals' migration strategies in the face of environmental change.
These days, consensus is growing for an alternative "coastal migration theory," where people followed the Pacific Coast from Asia to the Americas when the inland route was still covered by glaciers.
Fricke and his colleagues pursued his seasonal migration theory by studying chemical variations in the teeth of the sauropod Camarasaurus.
Whether these returns are instantaneous, accumulate over time or are transient is not specifically dictated by migration theory.
The theories in the first category include the neoclassical economic theory (Lewis, 1954; Todaro 1976) the new economics of migration theory (Stark, 1991), the dual labor market theory (Piore, 1979), and world systems theory (Wallerstein, 1974, Massey et al.
Shields, "The Emergence of Migration Theory and a Suggested New Direction," Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol.