Miguel Hidalgo

(redirected from Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)

Hidalgo, Miguel

 

(Hidalgo y Costilla). Born May 8, 1753, in Corralejos, in the state of Guanajuato; died July 30, 1811, in Chihuahua, in the state of Chihuahua. National hero of Mexico. Leader of the popular uprising of 1810–1811, which developed into a war for Mexican independence from Spain.

Hidalgo graduated from a seminary in Valladolid (now Mo-relia), where he subsequently was a teacher and, later, rector. Reduced to being a parish priest for disseminating the ideas of the French Encyclopedists, he continued to speak out for the country’s independence and for the improvement of the economic and legal position of the Indian population. On Sept. 16, 1810, in the city of Dolores, Hidalgo called on the people to rise up in a war of liberation (the grito de Dolores, “the cry of Dolores”), and at the head of a revolutionary army consisting primarily of Indian peasants, mine workers, and peons, he defied the Spanish. In November, a government headed by Hidalgo was created in the city of Guadalajara. It proclaimed the abolition of slavery and promulgated laws returning communal lands to the Indians and lowering taxes. The revolutionary army suffered defeat in January 1811. In March of that year, Hidalgo was taken prisoner, handed over to a court, and shot.

REFERENCES

Al’perovich, M. S. Voina za nezavisimost’ Meksiki (1810–1824). Moscow, 1964.
Mancisidor, J. Hidalgo, Morelos, Guerrero[2nd ed.]. Mexico City, 1970.

G. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
This service consolidates and moves cargo from Frankfurt am Main International Airport (FRA) to Benito JuEirez International Airport (MEX) and Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (GDL).
In 1810, Mexicans were inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his ''Grito de Dolores'' (''Cry of Dolores'').
Daily service to Guadalajara's Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport departs John Wayne Airport at 1:35 pm, arriving at 6:45 pm; flights from Guadalajara depart at 11:15 am and arrive at 12:35 pm.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Roman Catholic priest, leads a rebellion against Spanish rule.
It's in recognition of the day in 1810 when rebel priest Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla demanded an insurgency to overthrow Spanish rule.
The guests, many of whom were dressed in traditional garb, enjoyed some authentic Mexican food before participating in an enthusiastic rendition of The Grito de Dolores (Cry of Dolores); a battle cry of the Mexican War of Independence uttered by the country's founding father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla on September 16, 1810.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and other Mexican revolutionary heroes and used the image of La Virgen as a source of inspiration in their own political and social battles.
He was rewarded with execution, like his fellow priest and revolutionary Padre Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
The pride was palpable as President Felipe Calderon took to Mexico City's National Palace overlooking the Zocalo to deliver "El Grito" and ring the historic liberty bell once rung by "the father of the nation," Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
Visitors can witness the re-enactment of El Grito, "the call," that mirrors the call made by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato to his parish on Sept.
15 and 16, the country honors the memory of "the father of the nation," Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, by recreating his famous "Grito de Dolores.
On September 16, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a parish priest in the village of Dolores, gathered his congregation of native Mexicans and mestizos (offspring of Spanish and indigenous parents) to call for Mexican independence, with the exile or arrest of all Spaniards (gachupines) in Mexico who had oppressed and exploited the native populations for hundreds of years.