Miguel Hidalgo

(redirected from Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)

Hidalgo, Miguel

 

(Hidalgo y Costilla). Born May 8, 1753, in Corralejos, in the state of Guanajuato; died July 30, 1811, in Chihuahua, in the state of Chihuahua. National hero of Mexico. Leader of the popular uprising of 1810–1811, which developed into a war for Mexican independence from Spain.

Hidalgo graduated from a seminary in Valladolid (now Mo-relia), where he subsequently was a teacher and, later, rector. Reduced to being a parish priest for disseminating the ideas of the French Encyclopedists, he continued to speak out for the country’s independence and for the improvement of the economic and legal position of the Indian population. On Sept. 16, 1810, in the city of Dolores, Hidalgo called on the people to rise up in a war of liberation (the grito de Dolores, “the cry of Dolores”), and at the head of a revolutionary army consisting primarily of Indian peasants, mine workers, and peons, he defied the Spanish. In November, a government headed by Hidalgo was created in the city of Guadalajara. It proclaimed the abolition of slavery and promulgated laws returning communal lands to the Indians and lowering taxes. The revolutionary army suffered defeat in January 1811. In March of that year, Hidalgo was taken prisoner, handed over to a court, and shot.

REFERENCES

Al’perovich, M. S. Voina za nezavisimost’ Meksiki (1810–1824). Moscow, 1964.
Mancisidor, J. Hidalgo, Morelos, Guerrero[2nd ed.]. Mexico City, 1970.

G. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Por ejemplo, las instituciones del Estado celebran el 16 de septiembre en conmemoracion al grito que marca el inicio de la Guerra de Independencia a traves de don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla en 1810; no se festeja en la misma proporcion la consumacion de la gesta el 27 de septiembre porque en ese ano 1821 el principal caudillo fue Agustin de Iturbide.
Mexicans from all over the world are all set to celebrate El Grito - the day when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, known as the father of Mexican independence, launched the revolution that led to Spain's departure from Mexico.
El 16 de septiembre de ese ano el cura Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, abrazado a ideas liberales, democraticas y sociales, proclamo la Independencia de Mexico.
This service consolidates and moves cargo from Frankfurt am Main International Airport (FRA) to Benito JuEirez International Airport (MEX) and Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (GDL).
Entre ellos, nos encontramos con personajes como Jose Alvarez de Toledo, Eloy Valenzuela, Francisco Antonio Zea, Ramos Arizpe, Tomas Romay, Santacruz y Espejo, los hermanos Gutierrez de Pineres, Juan Bernardo O'Gavan, Francisco Javier Mina, Jose Fernandez Madrid, Manuel Rodriguez Torices, Enrique Umana Barragan, Joaquin Mosquera y Figueroa, Carlos Maria de Bustamante, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Manuel de Salas, Manuel Moreno, Juan Pablo Viscardo y Guzman, etc.
In 1810, Mexicans were inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his ''Grito de Dolores'' (''Cry of Dolores'').
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla murio fusilado el 30 de julio de 1811 y Jose Manuel Hidalgo nacio en 1826.
En el se observan personajes de la historia de Mexico como Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Benito Juarez, Pancho Villa, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz.
It's in recognition of the day in 1810 when rebel priest Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla demanded an insurgency to overthrow Spanish rule.