Molinos, Miguel de

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Molinos, Miguel de

(mēgĕl` dā mōlē`nōs), 1640–1697?, Spanish priest and mystic. He was the founder of quietismquietism,
a heretical form of religious mysticism founded by Miguel de Molinos, a 17th-century Spanish priest. Molinism, or quietism, developed within the Roman Catholic Church in Spain and spread especially to France, where its most influential exponent was Madame Guyon.
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, which he adhered to in its most extreme form. From 1669 he lived principally at Rome. His Guida spirituale (1675) set forth his quietistic principles—the complete contemplative passivity of the soul before God. In 1685 he was tried by the Holy Office, imprisoned, and condemned (1687) by the Inquisition. He died in prison, but received the rites of the Church before dying.

Bibliography

See biography by J. Bigelow (1882).