Mihail Kogalniceanu

Kogălniceanu, Mihail

 

Born Sept. 6, 1817, in Ia§i; died June 20, 1891, in Paris. Rumanian statesman, politician, historian and writer.

Kogälniceanu completed his education in France and Germany (1834–38). In 1843–44 he lectured on history at the Mikhailovsk Academia Mihăileană (in Moldavia). After the suppression of the revolutionary movement in Moldavia (May 1848), he lived in exile (in Chernovtsy until 1849). Kogălniceanu wrote the work The Wishes of the National Party in Moldavia, in which he proposed a program of bourgeois-democratic reforms and demanded th unification of Moldavia and Walachia into a single Rumanian state. In 1860–61 he headed the government of Moldavia; from 1863 to 1865 he was head of the government of Rumania and in 1876 and 1877–78 was minister of foreign affairs. Kogălniceanu carried out a number of bourgeois reforms (including the secularization of church lands and the 1864 land reform). In April 1877, on the eve of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, he signed the agreement concerning the passage of Russian troops through Rumania, and on May 9 (21), 1877, in the Chamber of Deputies he proclaimed Rumania’s independence.

In 1869, Kogălniceanu became a member of the Rumanian Academic Society, and from 1887 to 1890 he served as president of the Rumanian Academy. He published works on history, archival materials (including Chronicles of the Moldavian State, vols. 1–3, 1845–52), a number of short stories, and sketches of manners (Lost Illusions, 1841; Physiology of a Provincial in Iaşi, 1844). He also wrote plays (including Two Women Against One Man, 1840) and an unfinished social novel entitled Secrets of the Heart (1850). Kogălniceanu published the journals Dacia literară (1840) and Propăşirea (1844).

WORKS

Serien alese, 2nd ed. [Bucharest] 1958. (Contains bibliography.)
Texte social-politice alese. Bucharest, 1967.
Scrieri literare, istorice, politice. [Bucharest, 1967.]
Opere alese. Kishinev, 1966.
Documente diplomatice. Bucharest, 1972.

REFERENCE

Ionescu, V. Mihail Kogălniceanu. Bucharest, 1963.

V. N. VINOGRADOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In Feb 2014, the transit center at Mihail Kogalniceanu, Romania (MK) was fully operational and as of March 15, 2015, more than 171,000 passengers have processed in and out of CENTCOM theatre.
Simultaneously, up to 600 soldiers from the Army's Germany-based 2nd Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Regiment, launched a simulated ground assault from Romania's Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base near the Black Sea, The Military Times reports.
At the same time "USAREUR's 2nd Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Regiment is carrying out a simulated ground assault from Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base to link up with the paratroopers, with part of the 600 troops taking part to conduct maneuvers in Bulgaria, Lithuania and Germany as well.
Just 30 minutes inland, the tiny commune of Mihail Kogalniceanu houses the Department of Defense's sole operational passenger transit center, Transit Center Mihail Kogalniceanu.
A similar opinion was expressed by Mihail Kogalniceanu in the opening discourse, held at the beginning of "the course of national history", within the "Academia Mihaileana", on November, 24th, 1843 (Bratianu, 1944: 49-78).
Under the deal, the US will shift its flight operations to Romania's Mihail Kogalniceanu air base from the Manas Transit Center, a contract expiring in July, 2014.
That type of after-action review process takes place now at the Babadag training facility, about 30 miles north of Mihail Kogalniceanu Airbase, Romania, courtesy of the Training Support Activity Europe, part of the Joint Multinational Training Command at Grafenwoehr, Germany.
Late last year, the Swiss system, known as "Onyx," intercepted an official fax sent by Egyptian foreign minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit to the country's London embassy discussing "the fate of 23 detainees from Iraq and Afghanistan who were apparently interrogated at the Mihail Kogalniceanu air base in Romania on the Black Sea coast," reported the January 10 London Telegraph.
He has also asked for satellite images of the Sczytno-Szymany airport in northeastern Poland and the Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base in eastern Romania, after they were identified by Human Rights Watch as possible sites of clandestine CIA detention centres
MIHAIL KOGALNICEANU AIRFIELD, Romania -- Senior Airmen Jason Dunigan pounds a stake into the ground while building a 50-foot mast for exercise Combined Endeavor 2005 in May.
One of the biggest challenges is the transfer of equipment from the military base in Mihail Kogalniceanu to the exercise area in Babadag, almost 80 km away, with the final 20 km access road in poor condition.
The reason of the coup d'etat of February 1866 was not the "mismanagement of the country", but, as Mihail Kogalniceanu stated, "it was not Cuza's mistakes, but his deeds that led to his abdication" (Kogalniceanu, 1894: 79-80).