monument to 1,000 years of Russian history, a work that, by attempting to grasp some sort of sociopolitical whole, only wound up exposing the contradictions and complexities of Russian/Ukranian/Slavic identity and the impossibility of agreeing on a common version thereof.
Mikeshin explained to the tsar that "in Ukraine [na Ukraine] under the influence of the Polish uprising, a broad-based desire to celebrate the patriotic service of Hetman Khmel'nitskii, who joined Ukraine to Russia, had arisen.
61) Below the horse's hooves, Mikeshin added a traditional Ukrainian folksong of the 17th century recently published by Dragomanov: "Oh, it will be better/oh, it will be more beautiful/When in our Ukraine / There are no Jews, no Poles / And no Union.
76) In December 1872, Iuzefovich suggested that all figures except for the horseman, a pair of broken chains lying under the horse's hooves--a "symbol of the trampling of Polish oppression"--and the broken Polish banner (which Alexander II had already directed Mikeshin to omit) be removed from the model.
82) The order provoked an angry response from Mikeshin, but it also confused the committee, which claimed that it was not clear whether Alexander wanted both the Jesuit and the flag removed, or merely the human figure omitted.
Mikeshin illustrated Ukrainian-language publications of Shevchenko's Kobzar: see M.
57) Mikeshin modeled the statue's face on historical portraits of Khmel'nitskii and borrowed Cossack garb and weapons from Antonovich's personal collection.
58) Mikeshin to Iuzefovich, 19 February 1869 (TsDIAK f.
61) On "united, indivisible Russia," see Mikeshin to Iuzefovich, 2 January 1869 (TsDIAK f.
72) The grand duke's opposition is mentioned in Mikeshin to Iuzefovich, 9 February 1872 (TsDIAK f.
78) Mikeshin to Dondukov-Korsakov, undated correspondence (ibid .