Mikhail Miloradovich

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Miloradovich, Mikhail Andreevich

 

Born Oct. 1 (12), 1771, in St. Petersburg; died there Dec. 15 (27), 1825. Russian general of the infantry (1809); count (from 1813).

Miloradovich’s ancestors were natives of Herzegovina and settled in Russia under Peter I. He entered the army in 1780. He was promoted to major general in 1798. He served as duty general on A. V. Suvorov’s staff during the Italian and Swiss campaigns of 1799. In 1805, during the retreat of the Russian Army under M. I. Kutuzov from Braunau to Olmiitz (Olomouc), Miloradovich commanded a brigade and distinguished himself in the battles of Amstetten and Krems. He was a corps commander in the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12. Miloradovich liberated Bucharest on Dec. 13, 1806, and defeated the Turks at Turbat and Obile§ti in 1807. In the Patriotic War of 1812 he commanded the right wing of the First Army in the battle of Borodino. After the battle he covered the Tarutino maneuver of the Russian Army as commander of the rear guard. During the pursuit of Napoleon’s troops he commanded the advance guard. He participated in the foreign campaigns of the Russian Army of 1813–14. Miloradovich was appointed commander of a guards corps in 1814. He became military governor of St. Petersburg in 1818. During the Decembrist uprising of Dec. 14, 1825, he was fatally wounded in Senatskaia Square by P. G. Kakhovskii.