Mikhail Bulgakov

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Bulgakov, Mikhail Afanas’evich


Born May 3 (15), 1891, in Kiev; died Mar. 10, 1940, in Moscow. Soviet Russian writer. Born into the family of an instructor at the Kiev Theological Academy.

Bulgakov graduated from the medical department of the University of Kiev in 1916 and was a district physician in Smolensk Province. Bulgakov’s professional literary activity began in 1919. During 1922-26 he was a contributor to the newspaper Gudok. His first collection of satirical stories, Deviltry (1925), generated arguments in the press. The publication of the novel The White Guard (1925-27) remained incomplete. He used the themes of this novel for the play Days of the Turbins (staged by the Moscow Academic Art Theater in 1926). These works, as well as the play Flight (1926-28, produced in 1957), depict the change in attitudes of the old Russian intelligentsia, debunk the idea of the “White” movement, and show the sterility of life in emigration. In the comedies Zoia’s Apartment (produced by the Evg. Vakhtangov Theater in 1926) and The Crimson Island (produced by the Kamernyi Theater in 1928), Bulgakov ridicules the manners and morals of the milieu of NEP speculators and parodies the customs of the small, self-contained world of the theater.

The literary critics of the late 1920’s viewed Bulgakov’s work extremely negatively; his works were not printed and his plays were withdrawn from the theaters. In the early 1930’s, Bulgakov was assistant stage director of the Moscow Academic Art Theater and staged N. V. Gogol’s Dead Souls (1932). In the historical dramas The Bondage of Hypocrites, or Molière (1930-36; produced in 1943) and The Last Days, or Pushkin (1934-35; produced in 1943) and in the biographical story Life of Monsieur de Molière (1932-33, published in 1962), Bulgakov shows the incompatibility of true art with monarchic despotism. The uncompleted Theatrical Novel: A Dead Man’s Notes (1936-37; published in 1965) combines a lyrical confession and satire. From the early 1930’s until the end of his life Bulgakov worked on the novel The Master and Margarita (published in 1966-67). By combining three levels of action—the level of history and legends (ancient Judaea), of present-day manners and morals (Moscow in the 1930’s), and of mysticism and fantasy—Bulgakov created an original form of the philosophical novel, in which he posed the “eternal” problems of good and evil, of false and true morality. As a playwright and narrator Bulgakov was a master of polished realistic techniques, satire, flexible and vivid language, and rapidly moving plots.


Izbr. proza. (Introductory article by V. Lakshin.) Moscow, 1966.
Dramy i komedii. (Introductory article by V. Kaverin.) Moscow, 1965.
“Master i Margarita.” Moskva, 1966, no. 11; 1967, no. 1.
“Avtobiografiia.” In Sovetskie pisateli: Avtobiografii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966.


Smirnova, V. “Mikhail Bulgakov—dramaturg.” In her book Sovremennyi portret. Moscow, 1964.
Lur’e, Ia., and I. Serman. “Ot ‘Beloi gvardii’ k ‘Dniam Turbinykh.’” Russkaia literatura, 1965, no. 2.
Ermolinskii, S. “O Mikhaile Bulgakove: Glava iz knigi vospominanii.” Teatr, 1966, no. 9.
Lakshin, V. “Roman M. Bulgakova ‘Master i Margarita.’” Novyi mir, 1968, no. 6.
Skorino, L. “Litsa bez karnaval’nykh masok.” Voprosy literatury, 1968, no. 6.
Vinogradov, I. “Zaveshchanie mastera.” Voprosy literatury, 1968, no. 6.
Skorino, L. “Otvet opponentu.” Voprosy literatury, 1968, no. 6.
Palievskii, P. “Posledniaia kniga M. Bulgakova.” Nash sovremennik, 1969, no. 3.


References in periodicals archive ?
I was inspired by the talent of Mikhail Bulgakov, who mastered the skill of talking about complex subjects in an ironic form, I began writing the book which you can now see," says Ignaty Dyakov.
Quantity: Lot 1 - pay for heating in literary memorial museum of Mikhail Bulgakov - 83 509.
Schlogel opens the text, moreover, with a long, interpretive re-capitulation of the midnight flight of Margarita from the iconic novel of Stalinist Moscow by Mikhail Bulgakov, The Master and Margarita.
Set in Moscow in 1938 the plot revolves around writer Mikhail Bulgakov, who is living among dissidents and stalked by the secret police.
Based on autobiographical short stories by Russian writer Mikhail Bulgakov, the show is about two characters: a doctor played by Hamm, who tells stories from his youth as the younger version of the doctor, played by Radcliffe, essentially acts things out.
A number of Ukrainians have written in Russian and are considered by Russia to be among the best - Nickolai Gogol, the playwright, who satirised political corruption in the Russian empire, Mikhail Bulgakov, the novelist, author of The Master and Margarita, the enduring best-seller, and Anna Akhmatova, the greatest female poet in Europe, among others.
Others in the run are A Dog's Heart (February 7-8), based on a novel by Mikhail Bulgakov, Love and Red Tape (February 21), a satire about a health and safety crisis aimed at those aged 15-plus; Wishbone (March 7 and 11) about a meeting between Meryl, 40, and Jamie, who's reeling from a Christmas party; and Never Forget (March 25 and 27) about a woman offered a donor face after an accident.
A YOUNG DOCTOR'S NOTEBOOK (Cert 15, 92 mins) BASED on the autobiographical short stories of Mikhail Bulgakov, this four-part comedy drama chronicles the misadventures of a young medic in the village of Muryovo on the eve of the Russian Revolution.
It's based on the autobiographical short stories of acclaimed Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov, so on the strength of all that you'd think it couldn't fail.
The four-part series is based on autobiographical short stories by the acclaimed Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov, so on the strength of that you'd think it couldn't fail.
The White Guard, inspired by the Mikhail Bulgakov novel, is subtly sublime; Shaniqua and She Gone are both semi-plugged and gentle.
There is a serendipity in sitting with a Bulgarian audience-a few of whom seemed old enough to be likely to have their own memories of the Stalin era-watching a play that imagines the interaction, extrapolated from historical fact, when Soviet dissident writer Mikhail Bulgakov was commissioned to write a play about the youth of the dictator in celebration of Djugashvilli's 60th birthday.