Dubinin, Mikhail Mikhailovich
Born Dec. 19, 1900 (Jan. 1, 1901), in Moscow. Soviet physical chemist; academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1943) and Hero of Socialist Labor (1969). In 1921 he graduated from the chemistry department of the Moscow Higher Technical School, where he was a student of N. A. Shilov.
Dubinin has studied the adsorption of dissolved substances by porous adsorbents and discovered the phenomenon of conversion of adsorption series as a result of molecular-sieve action, as well as the formation of acid surface oxides of coal (1929-30). From 1930 to 1946 he developed the principles for calculating processes of adsorption of gases and vapors from an air current. He studied the porous structure of adsorbents, developed concepts of types of pores (micropores, intermediate pores, and macropores), and worked out methods for the determination of their parameters. Dubinin developed a theory of the adsorption of gases and vapors by microporous adsorbents and worked out methods of calculating adsorption equilibriums over broad ranges of temperature and pressure, as well as methods of producing adsorbents with predetermined porous structure parameters.
Since 1946, Dubinin has been the head of the department of adsorption processes of the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He has been awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1942 and 1950) and two Orders of Lenin, six other orders, and medals.
WORKSFiziko-khimicheskie osnovy sorbtsionnoi tekhniki, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.
Principal works have been published in Zhurnal fizicheskoi khimii (since 1933), Izvestiia AN SSSR, seriia khimicheskaia (since 1946), and a number of foreign journals.
Chemistry and Physics of Carbon, vol. 2, p. 51 (1966).
Progress in Surface and Membrane Science, vol. 9, p. 1 (1975).